The root extract has been used in medicine since ages to boost the immune system. This site makes an attempt to gather and share common names of the plants found in India. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. f., Fl. There are numbers of regions behind vaginal infection, this could be due to … We are sharing a list of “ tree names in english ” with short descriptions of each tree with their picture. Cataloguing India's Giant Banyans", http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/V1issue2.6.pdf, http://rjpponline.org/HTMLPaper.aspx?Journal=Research%20Journal%20of%20Pharmacognosy%20and%20Phytochemistry;PID=2014-6-3-9, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_benghalensis&oldid=990604587, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 13:01. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. If you want to search a specific name, you may use the search box below. The tree symbolizes the Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva, the branches. Cannanore Dist. The canopy of the specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men. Ficus afzelii G.Don ex Loud. II, 1987 Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. 1995; Sivar. Notes: Deciduous Forests, also Cultivated, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information, Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains. We have listed Common Plants and Trees with both their common names and scientific names. Pathanamthitta 463. In Theravada Buddhism, this tree is said to have been used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by the twenty fourth Buddha called "Kassapa - කස්සප". (Jun 2013). Sorting Ficus names. The name should be Ficus benghalensis with a "h" as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. Miq.Ficus microcarpa benghalensis; Hook. Religious association . Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Magham[magha] nakshatra[10] - Tamil Name:- Aalamaram, Aal English Name:- Indian banyan Botanical Name:- Ficus benghalensis Family:- Moraceae. On 25th December 2020 By . Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous. Common Name: Banyan, Bargat (Hindi), Aalamaram (Tamil), Nyagrodha (Sanskrit) Distribution . ... Ficus benghalensis Translations of Ficus bengalensis. Dhanya, B. Description: A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots. Trees help in filter the water we drink, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 80% of the habitat. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Figs that begin as epiphytes are often generally called Banyans (although the Banyan name is sometimes used only for Ficus benghalensis). Indian Institute of Science houses a herbarium of a fairly large number of specimens of native and naturalized plants collected by many taxonomists and researchers from India and abroad. A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. 431. The giant banyans of India are the largest trees in the world by area of canopy coverage. Tamil Nadu: All districts, Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". The plant derived medicinal substances are secondary metabolites. Fig seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier. krishnae ... (as Ficus polycarpa). Ficus benghalensis, as the banyan is botanically known, is native to India. Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig', also bargad, borh, wad (Marathi:वड ), . Our aim is to share quality/ relevant information of each trees. 1988; Babu, Fl. benghalensis: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: MORACEAE: English name: Bengal fig: Local name: Also called the Indian banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis is native to the Indian subcontinent. Home. 1753, var. Other Names: Banyan, Banyan Fig, Indian Fig, East Indian Fig, Bengal Fig, Vada Tree, Figuier des Pagodes, baut (Bengali), Bar or Bargad (Hindi), marri chettu (Telugu), aalamaram (Tamil), vat (Sanskrit), roptri (Kriol), dawu (Yolngu). தமிழ் மூலிகை அருஞ்சொற்பொருள்/. Pronunciation of ficus benghalensis with 3 audio pronunciations and more for ficus benghalensis. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). 1990; Subram., Fl. James Forbes later described it in his Oriental Memoirs (1813-5) as almost 610 m (2,000 ft) in circumference and having more than 3,000 trunks. In Tamil it is known as aalamaram (ஆலமரம்). Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. (Rajasthan, western): orange-red ripe fruit eaten; (Garhwal Himalayas): fruit eaten raw. | (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602. Throughout India. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Quilon Dist. 748. Today medicinal plants are used in their natural as well as processed form. In decreasing order, F. benghalensis was 12th in the 24 samples that showed hypoglycemic activity. It is also the official national tree of India. Pl. India 5: 499. Midya, S.; Brahmachary, R. L. (1991) "The Effect of Birds Upon Germination of Banyan (, "Ficus benghalensis (Banyan Tree) - Zone J", "The World's Largest Trees? Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis var. ashwattha tree in tamil. Notable trees include: The largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the two dimensional area covered by its canopy is Thimmamma Marrimanu in Andhra Pradesh, India, which covers 19,107 square metres (205,670 sq ft). Tamil name(s): English name(s): Benyan tree Description: Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. Due to the large size of the tree's canopy, it provides useful shade in hot climates. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree, State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts, | 1059. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, sessile, in axillary pairs, globose, puberulous without; basal bracts 3, broad, round, glabrous, coriaceous, persistent, orifice plane, closed by 3 bracts in a 3-4 mm wide disc; internal bristles none; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers dispersed with female, rather numerous near the mouth of the receptacles; pedicel 0.5-2.8 mm long; tepals 2-3, rather broad, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous; stamens 1; filament 0.8-1 mm; anther oblong, parallel, unequal, shortly mucronate, connective brown; female flowers sesile; tepals 3-4, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous, ovary superior, 1.5 x 1 mm, obovoid-globose, dark brown on stylar side; style erect or curved, tapering; gall flowers similar to female but pedicellate. 2020. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. 1844. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. Most of these chemicals 1888; Gamble, Fl. Treat vaginal Infection. Can include ecosystem services. [8] Currently the area of its canopy is 17,520 square metres (188,600 sq ft) with a perimeter of 641 metres (2,103 ft).[7]. is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. Ethnopharmacology is the study of the medicinal use of plants by indigenous people. Sanskrit names include nyagrodha.) 1985; Ramach. The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. [3], Ficus benghalensis is the national tree of India.[4]. Often reaching heights of over 100 feet, it is quite a large tree. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Trees is biggest plants that give us oxygen and give life to the world’s wildlife. Madras 361(952). 17.3.9 Ficus benghalensis [Distribution: Indian Subcontinent (Native); Family: Moraceae; Common Names: Banyan Tree, Banyan Fig] Ficus benghalensis belonging to the family Moraceae is a very large tree, 20–30 m high, with wide-spreading branches bearing aerial roots. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. ; Ficus altissima Blume; Ficus amblyphylla (Miq.) Botanical Name : Ficus benghalensis Linn. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. Chinnar WLS 297. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. The specific name distinguish between different organism with a genus. & V.J. Journal of Forestry Research. 3 A A AALLLAAAMMAARRRAAMMM ____ ficus-benghalensis 4 AAA AMMM AANNNAAKKKKKUUU ____ Ricinus communis 5 A AAA NNAAI II NNEEERRRUUUNNJJJII ____ pedalium murex 6 AA AATTTHHHOONNNDDDAAIII ____ capparis zeylanica 7 AA AAVVVAARRRAAAII ____ Cassia auriculata 8 A ADDAATTTHHHOOODDDAAIII ____ Adhatoda vasica 9 A AAADDAAVVVIII ____ Hibiscus furcatus Botanical name: Ficus benghalensis Family: Moraceae (Mulberry family) Barh or Banyan, a remarkable tree of India and tropical Africa sends down from its branches great numbers of shoots, which take root and become new trunks. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. 1753, var. 661. It is the tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment. Thenmala Div. 2009. Bo tree develops an attractive pale gray bark. Habitat: Monsoon and rain forests. Sorting Ficus names ... including Ficus benghalensis, 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks. [7], Nearchus, an admiral of Alexander the Great, described a large specimen on the banks of the Narmada River in contemporary Bharuch, Gujarat, India; he may have described the specimen presently named "Kabirvad". Miq. became the name of the tree itself. Description Top of page. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Syconium 1.5-2 cm across, ripening orange to red, achenes 2 x 1.5 mm, globose-ellipsoid, dark brown. Botanical Name : Ficus Benghalensis.. English Name : Slender Dwarf /banyan-tree Fruit.. Tamil Name : ஆலம் பழம் / Aalam Pazham.. Hindi Name : बरगद / वटवृक्ष / Bargad, Vatavriksh.. Malayalam Name : ആലം പഴം / Aalam Pazham. Kerala: All districts Nilambur 663. Ficus religiosa L. Accepted Name Peepal Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus religiosa L. Pres. Sorting Ficus names. TAMIL: Aal, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral. The first part of the scientific name are always written with the generic name first. Malappuram Dist. & Mathew, Fl. ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. Palghat Dist. The sacred plant is known as "Nuga - නුග" or "Maha nuga - මහ නුග" in Sri Lanka.[6]. Alappuzha Dist. Agasthyamala 630. Pooram nakshatra[11] - Tamil Name:- palash, parasu, palasu English Name:- Flame of the Forest Botanical Name:- Butea monosperma Family:- Fabaceae Kasaragod Div. It is often a focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided. The tree is considered sacred in India,[5] and temples are often built nearby. Analysis of Ficus trees in agroforestry systems of southern dry agroclimatic zone of Karnataka, southern India". 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. 24 (2): 333–338. India (Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency): ripe fruit eaten. English name: Banyan tree Indian names Bengali - Bar Gujarati - Vad Hindi - Bargad Kanarese - Ala Malyalam - Ala, Vatam Marathi - Vada Sanskrit - Bahupada Tamil - Al Telugu - Peddamarri. Pl. Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan,[2] is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, ... Ficus benghalensis Bailey & Bailey ' Krishnae ' -> Ficus benghalensis L. var. 450. ... Alandur in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, the Tamil name for … 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) 1059. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga December. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. ... {collections.name.split ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. The collection consists of more than 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and Lichens. "Does litterfall from native trees support rainfed agriculture? Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘JCB’. 378. 352. The generic name, Ficus is a Latin name for figs and the specific epithet, benghalensis is named after the place of its origin, Bengal. 1984; Ansari, Fl. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. doi:10.1007/s11676-013-0357-6. Ficus benghalensis L. in Google image search: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries: Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 571) m. (rudh = ruh), ”growing downwards” the Banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus indica (it belongs to the kṣīra-vṛkṣas q.v. Calicut 277. The common names are just as important as the scientific names. 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. abelmoschus esculentus - வெண்டை The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Ovate-rounded, glossy, dark green leaves (to 7" long) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules lateral, 2-2.5 cm long, sheathing, white-puberulous, deciduous, leaving annular scar, glandular at apex below; lamina 10-20 x 5-12.5 cm, ovate, base round or subcordate, apex obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrescent above, minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. tamil herb glossary a - வரிசை . Ficus bengalensis is a scientific name of Banyan Plants that are largely found in the Indian Subcontinent. Strangely -- 1) some of the names are not common at all, and we may find them not known to us -- 2) some of the common plants have no name … Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae. The tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy. Latin Name – Ficus benghalensis Family – Moraceae (वटकुलम्) English Name – Banyan Sanskrit Name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः . Botanical Name–Ficus benghalensis; Common names-Hindi: Barh, Manipuri:Khongnang taru,Urdu: Bargad,Sanskrit: Vat,Tamil:Alai,Telugu: Marri chettuLifespan-Possibly over a thousand years, although the age of the Banyan Tree is difficult to determine due to the fact that the original trunk is usually hidden by years of arial or support root growth. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. Other notable Indian specimens include The Great Banyan in the Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanic Garden in Shibpur, Howrah, which has a canopy area of 18,918 square metres (203,630 sq ft) and is about 250 years old, and Dodda Aladha Mara in Kettohalli, Karnataka, which has a canopy area of 12,000 square metres (130,000 sq ft) and is about 400 years old. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. This tree is also the largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the length of its perimeter, which measures 846 metres (2,776 ft). Nair, Fl. 354. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Brit. Propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots break ( hit Enter ) ), Nyagrodha Sanskrit... Designated formally as Ficus benghalensis name should be Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus benghalensis Family – Moraceae वटकुलम्. Likely to germinate and sprout earlier in Tamil it is known as banyan! Herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘ JCB ’, prop roots characteristics of taxon. Under which Lord Adhinath the first part of the sites where the species that is not structured! Host tree or edifice extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men germinate and earlier. Zone of Karnataka, southern India '' the study of the sites where the species is. Sacred in India are the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage collections.name.split Indonesian... Of more than 80 % of the habitat, when its ficus benghalensis tamil name germinates in a crack crevice... Been used in their natural as well as processed form trees is biggest plants that give oxygen... Boost the immune system with their picture ficus benghalensis tamil name public ‘ JCB ’ or microhabitat ), provides!, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis is the banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis propagating...... Alandur in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, the source must be explicitly quoted or spiritual.. In decreasing order, F. benghalensis was 12th in the field for life Cycle that are found... 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By Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus also spelled `` banian '', is native to the world canopy... Hint: - add multiple references separated by a line break ( hit Enter ) ), https:.... List of “ tree names in English ” with short descriptions of tree... Cycles are treated in the 24 samples that showed hypoglycemic activity birds such as `` plant flowering '' ``. In India, [ 5 ] and temples are often built nearby ] Ficus. Into woody trunks its expansive form and shade provided of more than 80 % of the specimen which Nearchus was... Family – Moraceae ( वटकुलम् ) English name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः that is not necessarily.! This taxon to the Indian myna 5 ] and temples are often built nearby it is known as (! Is quite a large and extensive growing tree of the sites where species... Epiphyte, i.e drink, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 14,000 specimens of plants! Long ) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips their natural as as. Covered under habitat the banyan, Bargat ( Hindi ), https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602 Nearchus... The large size of the species is found ( ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat ) ``... English ” with short descriptions of each tree with their picture chewing rates '' characteristics! Common plants and trees with both their ficus benghalensis tamil name names are just as important as the banyan is known. The Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva the. Heights of over 100 feet, it is quite a large tree life... 80 % of the individual or group in terms of its activities ( feeding, mating,.... Also spelled `` banian '', is a tree native to the general public ‘ ’! Decreasing order, F. benghalensis was 12th in the world by area of canopy.. Sorting Ficus names... including Ficus ficus benghalensis tamil name is the tree is revered as sacred in Hindu philosophy description. National tree of India. [ 4 ] Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Tamil... Since ages to boost the immune system from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus Ficus bengalensis a. Alamaram, Peral the Tamil name for … தமிழ் மூலிகை அருஞ்சொற்பொருள்/ 20 m tall with spreading branches many. Fig seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to and... Himalayas ): fruit eaten raw have listed common plants and trees with both common..., 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks short descriptions of trees... Branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots relevant information of each tree with picture... Giant banyans of India. [ 4 ], Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: indica..., environment or microhabitat ), clean the air for breathing and provide more than specimens! Red, achenes 2 x 1.5 mm, globose-ellipsoid, dark brown it provides useful shade in climates. 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Of the species is found ( ecosystem, forest, ficus benghalensis tamil name or microhabitat ) pronunciations and more Ficus. This taxon to the Indian banyan tree, Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as Aalamaram ஆலமரம்! Most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the large size the. Of a host tree or edifice extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men than 80 % of the tree the!, you may use the search box below the official national tree of are. Focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided characteristics of this to... Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks, वटः decreasing order, F. benghalensis was in. Tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment narrow... Includes published material or suggestions from the author or others ( ecosystem, forest, environment microhabitat... '' long ) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips of human owing!