Teff is the world’s tiniest seed, and it packs a big nutrition punch! I was born and brought up in a small farming village called Jiga in northern Ethiopia’s Rift Valley Highlands. Highest yields are obtained when teff is grown between 1,800 to 2,100 m (5,900 to 6,900 ft), with an annual rainfall of 450 to 550 mm (18 to 22 in), and daily temperatures range from 15 to 27 °C (59 to 81 °F). Teff is a traditional Ethiopian grain that’s rich in fiber, protein, and minerals. The preferred alt… Teff is a staple in the economy and daily life of Ethiopia, yet… [6] Sometimes it is also eaten as porridge. I was no more the banker but preoccupied with what I left behind so many years back. The base of all Ethiopian meals is teff injera. "[36], Uncooked teff is 9% water, 73% carbohydrates, 13% protein, and 2% fat. Not only does Teff help people suffering from Celiac disease, IBS or heart problems but it can aid weight loss, improve circulation, support bone health and boost the immune system. Teff can not tolerate frost and it is recommended to delay spring planting until soil temperature reach 65 degrees F. Tiffany fTeff is a very small seeded annual grass. [6][8] In Ethiopia, teff provides two-thirds of the daily protein intake. [18] It is not only important for human nutrition, but also as fodder for livestock, or as building material. Biol. You can change your cookie settings at any time. It has a yeast that naturally lives on the seed, so it ferments very … The spongy, almost sourdough-like taste of injera comes from a grain called teff, a tiny seed found throughout the Ethiopian and Eritrean countryside on golden, grasslike stalks. Although teff is found in almost all cereal growing areas of Ethiopia, the major areas of production are the central and highland areas. • Teff is a great source of easily digestible protein (similar structure to egg white but vegetable based so easier for the body to digest). • Teff has been recommended to patients suffering from anemia. HPFI's CEO, Jan Roosjen, had taken out two patents on teff in 2003 and 2007, claiming that his way of milling and storing the flour was unique. "Teff the new superfood grain - just don't call it the new quinoa", "As Americans embrace Ethiopian cuisine, its farmers grow more teff", "Teff, the Ethiopian superfood that used to be banned", "Teff could be the next quinoa as Ethiopia boosts exports", http://www.fao.org/traditional-crops/teff/en/, "Genome and transcriptome sequencing identifies breeding targets in the orphan crop tef (, "Genome and transcriptome sequencing identifies breeding targets in the orphan crop tef (Eragrostis tef)", "Semi-dwarfism and lodging tolerance in tef (Eragrostis tef) is linked to a mutation in the α-Tubulin 1 gene", "Semi-dwarf tef lines for high seed yield and lodging tolerance in Central Ethiopia", "Technology generation to dissemination: lessons learned from the tef improvement project", "Significance and prospects of an orphan crop tef", "Teff patents declared invalid, 'great news' for Ethiopia", "Ethiopia: Teffgate - a Dutchman's Conning of the Ethiopian State", "THE PATENTING OF ETHIOPIA'S TEFF BY A EUROPEAN COMPANY, AND THE COUNTRY'S RECOURSE", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Teff&oldid=998117276, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:20. Teff takes its name from the local Ethiopian word tefa for “lost” because the seed is so small that it can't be found when dropped on the ground. For Your Gut A native of Ethiopia, Teff is the smallest and possibly the most ancient of all grains. The word ‘teff’ is thought to have come from the Ethiopian word ‘teffa’ which means ‘lost’ due to the extremely small size of the grain. What is Teff? [16][17] Processed teff, namely the pancake injera, could still be exported and was mainly bought by the Ethiopian and Eritrean diaspora living in northern Europe, the Middle East and North America. J. • IBS sufferers have claimed Teff has been life-changing as it relieves inflammation, constipation, bloating, cramping, and other serious gastrointestinal issues. Finally, due to its high mineral content, teff is also mixed with soybeans, chickpeas or other grains to manufacture baby foods. New Phytol., 186, 696–707. For Circulation What is more, I discovered that it all came not from its origin Ethiopia, but from the US where the seed is commercially cultivated. Traditional Crops – Teff. Eragrostis tef is a self pollinated tetraploid[4] annual cereal grass. Teff Pasta Dough. In Ethiopia, Teff is mostly used to make injera – a sourdough, spongy flatbread similar in width to a pancake. Teff, produced by 48 commercial farms throughout the country, is intended to exploit the comparative advantage the country has in the international market because of the special flavor and taste of the teff it produces according to Khalid Bomba (PhD), the Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency’s chief executive officer (CEO). [9] They can have a color from a white to a deep reddish brown. If teff is harvested past its maturation, seeds will fall off, especially in windy or rainy weather conditions. Teff was first domesticated in Ethiopia more than 3,000 years ago, and today it is the most widely planted crop in the country. Find out how to buy teff, how to store it, and what you can cook with teff grains or flours. Farming families have been growing this ancient grain in the Ethiopian highlands for over 3,000 years. Teff is major & staple food crop of Ethiopian & Eritrean people where they used to prepare several sweet & savories food & beverage items such as Fermented & Non fermented breads, Porridge, pancakes, soup, stews, pudding, biscuits & cookies, cakes etc. In addition; teff is an untouched cereal crop at worldwide than other Its roots are shallow, but develop a massive fibrous rooting system. Teff is a tiny grass seed with a mild, nutty flavour. In 2014 I noticed that some health food stores around the City of London where I worked had Teff on their shelves. Teff, also known as ‘Eragrostis Tef’ or ‘Williams Lovegrass’ is a tiny seed native to Ethiopia and Eritrea. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. & Kunert, K. (2013). A 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving of cooked teff provides 420 kilojoules (101 kilocalories) of food energy, is a rich source of protein, dietary fiber, and manganese, and contains moderate amounts of thiamin, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, and zinc (table). [6][18] Teff is the main ingredient to prepare injera, a sourdough-risen flatbread. • It’s a great source of prebiotic fibre which stimulates the growth of good gut bacteria. • The high iron levels in Teff support your body’s ability to produce hemoglobin which supports oxygenation of your heart and other organs. J. [10], Teff is mainly cultivated in Ethiopia and Eritrea, where it originates. Tef (Eragrostis tef) straw. My name is Yonas (Aka Yilikal) Alemu. Recommended fertilization doses are the followed: 25–60 kg/ha for N, and 10–18 kg/ha for P. Teff responds more to nitrogen than to phosphorus; thus, high nitrogen inputs increase the biomass production and size of the plants, thereby increasing lodging. [6][18], Teff is adaptable and it can grow in various environments, at altitudes ranging from sea level to 3,200 metres (10,500 ft). [23] Despite its superficial root system, teff is quite drought-resistant thanks to its ability to regenerate rapidly after a moderate water stress and to produce fruits in a short time span. Share this: THE TEFF COMPANY. & Rahut, D.B. [39] The original agreement was for Ethiopia to provide HPFI with a dozen strains of teff to market globally, and the two entities would split the proceeds. HPFI went bankrupt in 2009, allowing Roosjen to continue to utilize those patents and the marketing rights for the grain while being freed from the original agreement with Ethiopia. [31] Sequencing of the teff genome improved breeding,[32] and an ethyl methanesulphonate (EMS)-mutagenized population was then used to breed the first semi-dwarf lodging-tolerant teff line, called kegne. A Tiny Nutritional Powerhouse No bigger than a poppy seed, teff hails from Ethiopia, and it’s… Read More. Teff is considered responsible for the health and vigor of Ethiopian distance runners. Mottaleb, K.A. [27] To avoid this, farmers can decrease nitrogen input, cultivate teff after a legume crop or adjust sowing time so that the rains have stopped when the crop reaches heading stage.