They have been modified so that key competences are included in all vocational skills requirements and assessment criteria. NB: Share of adult population aged 25 to 64 participating in education and training. The last one requires passing the matriculation examination. VET schools offer short courses/events to upskill workplace instructors in relation to various themes, such as how to guide special needs learners at the workplace. Key competences help students to keep up with the changes in society and working life. Source: Education Statistics Finland (Vipunen): https://vipunen.fi/. The Vocational Upper Secondary Education and Training Decree (673/2017([57]https://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/alkup/2017/20170673)) defines the principles for recognising prior learning. The aim is to steer the education system – both VET and higher education – to meet the needs of the labour market. Teacher Career Ladders. The education provider pays compensation to cover the costs of training provided in the workplace. The form of WBL may vary during the studies. For more information about the external drivers influencing VET developments in Finland please see the case study from Cedefop's changing nature and role of VET in Europe project [17a]Cedefop (2018). The new strategy is supposed to cover all parts of the national quality assurance system: except the method that VET providers may select themselves. Vocational education qualifies the student for a particular vocation. The scholarship must be applied for within a year after completing the qualification. At the beginning of their studies learners are required to rate statements relating to the following themes: flexibility of starting time of studies and content of the individual programme; accreditation of prior learning; and support and guidance needed. Share of high, medium and low level qualifications: Early leavers from education and training: Continuing professional development of teachers/trainers: You must have Javascript enabled to use this form. This cost-efficiency trend in education has been apparent since the mid-1990s. Most continuing training is provided free of charge and teachers enjoy full salary benefits during their participation. For example, in 2019, on the basis of a monthly salary of EUR 2 000, a learner will receive a gross education allowance of EUR 1 185.34 ([41]https://www.tyollisyysrahasto.fi/en/benefits-for-adult-students/full-adult-education-allowance/). 3 ([44]Duration depends on the prior learning of the student, especially in the case of further and specialist vocational programmes, and is defined in the personal competence development plan of each learner. Since the 2018 reform, there is no indication in the legislation where the theoretical part should be acquired. specialised study units (compulsory and optional); 160/180/210 specialist vocational qualifications. According to the law, they must evaluate the quality, effectiveness (employability, pursuit of further education and feedback from learners and working life) and ‘profitability’ (i.e. While up to a third of the applicants are admitted annually, there are major variations between different fields. External evaluation includes the quality assurance of competence demonstrations and competence assessment made by the working life committees and evaluations made by the Finnish Education Evaluation Centre. Nearly 400 students graduate from our post-degree programmes in Finland every year. The model is used to anticipate the skills needs in 2 to 3 fields every year ([32]https://www.oph.fi/english/education_development/anticipation). Modularisation allows for a degree of individualisation of qualifications: The Finnish National Agency for Education reformed all 43 initial, 65 further and 56 specialist vocational qualifications in 2017-18. The key competences for lifelong learning are: digital and technological competence; mathematics and science competence; competence development; communication and interaction competence; competence for sustainable development; cultural competence; social and citizenship competence; and entrepreneurial competence. This builds on the trust that the Finnish education system has in its teachers. Later you will also be able to apply to a polytechnic or university. Each qualification has a number of competence points: Initial vocational qualification in horse care and management ([49]Qualification holders manage daily stable maintenance and horse care tasks and are able to carry out the essential maintenance tasks associated with horse care, such as care of hooves and tack. The national qualification requirements define the required vocational competence, principles of assessment and how the competence is demonstrated. They have been modified so that key competences are included in all vocational skills requirements and assessment criteria. VET providers decide on the use of all funds granted. Learner feedback and its collection are regulated in the legislation. The key competences for lifelong learning are: digital and technological competence; mathematics and science competence; competence development; communication and interaction competence; competence for sustainable development; cultural competence; social and citizenship competence; and entrepreneurial competence. The employer and VET institution agree on the amount of compensation before the training takes place; a separate contract is prepared for each learner. on the attractiveness of their profession, the general impression is that trainers are generally satisfied with their training tasks. The Finnish National Agency for Education recommends that, where possible, people acting as workplace trainers should participate in the training of trainers. Average training compensation varies between EUR 100-200 per month for initial VET qualification and EUR 10-100 per month for continuing VET. Depending on the agreement between employer and employee, an employer who takes on an apprentice may receive training compensation to cover the costs of training provided at the workplace. Eurostat table edat_lfse_24 [extracted 16.5.2019]. within the Erasmus+ programme or through other programmes or individual arrangements. It could be used, for example, for VET national development projects, skills competitions and developing education provider networks (e.g. Source: Eurostat, lfsa_pgaed [extracted 16.5.2019]. is between EUR 38.50 and 249.01 depending on the age, marital status and type of accommodation. This supports building flexible and individual learning paths and promotes validation of prior learning. Continuing VET (further and specialist programmes) provides more comprehensive and specialised competences and requires labour market experience. Source: Statistics Finland (Vipunen). Cedefop research paper; No 67. https://www.cedefop.europa.eu/files/finland_cedefop_changing_nature_of_vet_-_case_study.pdf. Analytical highlights series. Learning at the workplace can be used to acquire competence in all vocational qualifications as well as promoting further training or supplementing vocational skills. They frequently have a vocational or professional qualification but hold no pedagogical qualifications. They do not receive salary and employers do not receive any training compensation. In the course of its work, the expert group must also consult other experts in the world of work. teachers of vocational units, teachers of common units, special needs teachers; education provider´s competence assessment plan; learner`s personal competence development plan. Teachers have the responsibility and power of decision for participating in the education and they may receive support from society in the form of various study grants. A few regulated professions require a vocational qualification. Working life committees are responsible for the supervision of qualifications. The Ministry of Education and Culture decides on study places by field of education (around 10). Financial support is available for full-time VET learners. a car manufacturer) and special needs (usually owned by municipalities and associations, e.g. Prevention of both dropout from education and exclusion from society is a policy priority: every individual who drops out of education and the labour market is seen as being both a personal tragedy and a significant cost to society. Tertiary education (korkeakoulutus, högskola) is provided by universities (yliopisto, universitet) and by universities of applied sciences (ammattikorkeakoulu, yrkeshögskola). Source: Finnish Centre for Pensions: The plan is drawn up by the teacher or guidance counsellor together with the learner and, when applicable, a representative from the world of work. carried out, for example, by the Finnish Education Evaluation Centre. The popularity of vocational teacher education has been consistent over many years, largely because of the flexible arrangements for completing studies. The background of learners, including their financial circumstances, should not be a barrier to participation in education. Representatives of the employees/self-employed and employers (altogether called ‘working life’ in Finland). The feedback is collected via a centrally designed questionnaire which learners answer twice: at the beginning of the studies and at the end, once the learner has demonstrated all the skills and competences needed for the qualification. #25 Finland spends about 30% less per student than the US, the UK, Japan and Germany. Guidance and counselling start at the beginning of basic education and continue through all education levels. In Finland, education is free, from pre-primary level to ... continue in either vocational or upper secondary education. Equal opportunities are a long-standing fundamental principle of the Finnish education policy. Expansion and diversification in European countries. http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/files/8100_en.pdf): National qualification requirements have been based on a competence-based approach since the early 1990s. During the crisis there was only a slight increase in unemployment, and the difference between the unemployment rates of the three categories above remained quite stable. In vocational education, teachers should have a Master’s degree or Bachelor’s degree. Through evaluation, providers obtain information about major strengths and development needs. • ensuring the quality of the implementation of competence demonstrations and assessment; • participating in the development of qualification structure and vocational qualifications; • processing learners’ rectification requests concerning competence assessments. Learners themselves find work places for the training. The overall duration of education and training is influenced by delays at transition points ([19]For example, young graduates from upper secondary education at age of 19 cannot always enter higher education due to limited places available; they often apply several years in a row in order to enrol.) The Finnish National Agency for Education coordinated a project on future competences and skills, known as the VOSE project, between 2008 and 2012. In upper secondary VET, guidance counsellors play a key role in coordinating, planning and implementing guidance and counselling. Another challenge is the sometimes limited shop floor experience of teachers with a university degree. The content of teacher training is updated continuously by vocational teacher education colleges. Finnish professional development programs for teachers focus on the knowledge and practical skills needed to improve the performance of teachers in vocational education and training. Anticipation groups consist of representatives of employers, employees, education providers, educational administrators, teaching staff and researchers in each field. The new quality assurance guidelines are currently being discussed by stakeholders to be published by the end of 2019. A bachelor’s degree is required in early childhood education and in vocational education … Because of the demographic challenges, e.g. The qualification requirements determine: the units included in the qualification; any possible specialisations made up of different units; selection of optional units in addition to compulsory ones; the vocational skills required for each qualification unit; the guidelines for assessment (targets and criteria of assessment); and the ways of demonstrating vocational skills. If the employment has lasted for less than a year, but for at least three months, the maximum length of study leave is five days. The Finnish National Agency for Education has supported teachers and learners in their distance teaching and learning. Source: Education Statistics Finland (Vipunen): https://vipunen.fi/. ), demand for skilled labour and educational needs. Unlike in other teacher education programmes, it is more difficult for women than for men to gain a place in vocational teacher education. ISCED 0-2 = less than primary, primary and lower secondary education. The duration of both is approximately three years. Professional Teacher Education provides the pedagogical qualification for teaching your specific subject in Finland. Organisation for Respiratory Health) vocational institutions, fire, police and security service institutions (national) and folk high schools, sports institutions, music schools and colleges (local) account for less than 10% of learners in initial VET. mergers). The education and training system comprises: Early childhood education and care (varhaiskasvatus, smÃ¥barnsfostran) is not compulsory and participation requires the payment of a small fee. It is possible to collect moderate student fees; on average 15% of the costs of the training. VET providers must collect these data. Percentage of active population, 25 to 74 years old. Because the Finnish system places so much emphasis on school and teacher autonomy, there are not clearly defined career ladders. At the beginning of VET studies objectives for competence development are recorded in a personal competence development plan for each learner. In 2017 it was 61.2 years. Completion of both upper secondary and tertiary studies is one of the objectives of national education policy. In VET (excluding apprenticeships and special needs), funding varies by study field. Guidance and counselling should enable all pupils to reach the best results possible for them. A learning material supplement of EUR 46.80 per month (equal to approximately EUR 1 400 for three semesters) is to be granted from August 2019 onwards for VET learners if they are: All employees in a contractual and public service employment relationship are entitled to study leave when the full-time employment relationship with the same employer has lasted for at least one year ([40]In one or multiple periods.). Business and administration and services both accounted for 17% of all male VET students. However, work experience or prior qualifications are not a precondition for enrolling. Specialised (usually owned by one private company or association, e.g. The proportion of women among applicants and teacher training learners has increased noticeably in recent years. Dropout from vocational education and training is far more common than from general upper secondary education, although it is not high in European terms (7.4% in the 2016/17 school year). There are 39 working life committees. Learners’ individual needs and existing competences are taken into account in all vocational studies. Pre-school teachers get a bachelor's degree in educational science, the extent of which is 180 credits (ETCS). The 2018 reform aimed to increase the share of work-based learning in VET by offering more flexibility in its organisation. Since the 1990s the expansion of adult education and training, as well as the creation of the competence-based qualifications system, offered many ‘baby-boomers’ born after World War II an opportunity to complete a VET qualification. Upper secondary education (toisen asteen koulutus, utbildning pÃ¥ andra stadiet) is provided in grades 10 to 12, to students aged 17 to 19 years old. Source: Eurostat, proj_15ndbims [extracted 16.5.2019]. Similar to public VET providers, they receive government subsidies and have the right to award official qualification certificates. 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