Sodium itself is NOT flammable but it reacts explosively when it comes in contact with water, releasing an enormous amount of heat. Salt is currently mass produced by evaporation of seawater or brine from other sources, such as brine wells and salt lakes, and by mining rock salt, called halite. In earthquake-prone areas like Santa Barbara, it is particularly vital that chemicals be stored safely. Halite, the mineral form of sodium chloride. Sodium metal is produced commercially through the electrolysis of liquid sodium chloride. While salt was once a scarce commodity in history, industrialized production has now made salt plentiful. Sodium Chloride Not available 7647-14-5 . 53925 Extinguishing Media:  Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding material and type of fire. Sodium Chloride, 240 g/L Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Toll Free (800) 638-2581 * Fax (541) 488-8313. Dated:                  July 2004. Sodium ions as such are practically nontoxic. INGESTION:  Seek immediate medical advice. With an accout for my.chemeurope.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter. EYES:  Flush eyes with lukewarm water for 15 minutes.  Seek medical attention. Salt is often added to boiling water, but this is done solely to flavor the food being cooked in it. Both are similar and are effective in de-icing roads. ... non-flammable, non-explosive, and non- toxic. Any concentration shown as a range is to protect confidentiality or is due to batch variation. When these chemicals are produced, they are mined/made, crushed to fine granules, then treated with an anti-caking agent. Salt is also known in the chemical world as a nuclear additive. Containment and Clean-Up Procedures: Use barriers to prevent … Sodium chloride forms crystals with cubic symmetry. While most people are familiar with the many uses of salt in cooking, they might be unaware that salt is used in a plethora of applications, from manufacturing pulp and paper to setting dyes in textiles and fabric, to producing soaps and detergents. Shipped as a solid or molten liquid. This same basic structure is found in many other minerals, and is known as the halite structure. Each ion is surrounded by six ions of the other kind. In the workplace, concentrated sodium chloride solutions may be … . In these, the larger chloride ions, shown to the right as green spheres, are arranged in a cubic close-packing, while the smaller sodium ions, shown to the right as blue spheres, fill the octahedral gaps between them. In recent years this additive has also been used in table salt. Sodium chloride is used in other chemical processes for the large-scale production of compounds containing sodium or chlorine. It has also been used to disinfect wounds. In the Mannheim process and in the Hargreaves process, it is used for the production of sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid. Chemicals used in de-icing salts are mostly found to be sodium chloride (NaCl) or calcium chloride (CaCl2). stable at lower temperatures and allows the ice to melt. Sodium chloride / ˌ s oʊ d i ə m ˈ k l ɔːr aɪ d /, commonly known as salt (although sea salt also contains other chemical salts), is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. Hypertonic sodium chloride solutions have been used to induce abortion in late pregnancy by direct infusion into the uterus (Brown et al, 1972), but this route of administration is not relevant to occupational exposures. As the major ingredient in edible salt, it is commonly used as a condiment and food preservative. Nitric oxide (NO) contributes to vessel homeostasis by inhibiting vascular smooth muscle contraction and growth, platelet aggregation, and leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium [[1]]. Sodium Chloride Safety Information & Tips. It’s a white crystalline mineral substance that’s used as a seasoning in many foods, as well as in many workplace situations for a wide variety of purposes. Incompatibility (Material to avoid):  Lithium, bromide trifluoride, oxidizing agents.Â. Sodium Chloride SDS, MSDS Sheet: Muby Chemicals of Mubychem Group, established in 1976, is the original manufacturers of Specialty Chemicals, Pharmaceutical Excipient, Fragrance Food & Flavor chemicals, Reagent Grade Chemicals, Shale Gas Fracturing Chemicals in India. (NTP, 1992) (Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials). Date of Issue: 07/18/2017 A dose of 10-15 grams of sodium chlorate can be lethal. Special Firefighting Procedures:  Firefighters must wear a full face, self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes. Drink plenty of water. Take steps now to prevent damage to your facility, or harm to lab personnel. INGREDIENT NAME % (W/W) CAS NO. Salt is also the raw material used to produce chlorine which itself is required for the production of many modern materials including PVC and pesticides. Sodium compounds have variable toxicity.  Sodium ions as such are practically nontoxic. Literature sources indicate that this compound is nonflammable. For a solution of table salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) in water, the freezing temperature becomes -21 °C (-6 °F) under controlled lab conditions. Its vapor pressure and Henry’s Law constant indicate that it does not volatilize from air or water and moist soil surface. Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound with the formula Na Cl.Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of the ocean and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. It is a popular myth that salt also has a practical use in cooking in that it raises the boiling point of water, allowing food to cook quicker, since the temperature of the surrounding water is above 100 degrees Celsius. Burns violently with explosions that may spatter the material. Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage:  Store in tightly closed containers in a cool dry place.  Wash hands and face thoroughly after handling and before eating. About 51% of world output is now used by cold countries to de-ice roads in winter, both in grit bins and spread by winter service vehicles. Your browser does not support JavaScript. Hazardous Polymerization:  Will not occur. Sodium Chloride Solution Safety Data Sheet According to U.S. Federal Register / Vol. Mubychem Group has several manufacturing facilities spread across Western India and world wide contacts and toll … var addy_text121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b = 'sales' + '@' + 'espimetals' + '.' + 'com';document.getElementById('cloak121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b').innerHTML += ''+addy_text121ef3ba73a68cec9624670445d80c4b+'<\/a>'; Formula:              NaCl                                                                     Â, Percent (%):                  0-100, OSHA/PEL:                      N/E, ACGIH/TLV:                     N/E, Health:                           2, Reactivity:                     1, Boiling Point:                   1413 oC, Melting Point:                  801 oC, Specific Gravity:             2.165, Solubility in H2O:            Soluble                                                 Â, Appearance and Odor:   White crystalline powder, no odor, Flammable Limits:  Lower:  N/A      Upper:  N/A. Respiratory Protection:  Wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved dust-mist-fume cartridge respirator. Excess salt consumption causes elevated levels of blood pressure (hypertension) in some, which in turn is associated with increased risks of heart attack and stroke. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. The reagent is 99.99% pure and is supplied in three concentrations. Thionyl chloride, Phosphorous pentachloride, Phosphorous Pentoxide, Sodium bisulfate, Tin chloride, Acetyl chloride, ... ①인화성고체(Flammable solids) : 쉽게점화하고격렬하게지속적으로탈수있다. This arrangement is known as cubic close packed (ccp). Naoh and H2 and gives off a lot of heat with proper protection and understand the product Safety sodium solutions!, 1992 ) this is done solely to flavor the food being cooked in.! Hydrochloric acid name given to salt to make it flow more freely be to.  IARC:  Wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved dust-mist-fume cartridge respirator and 0.6067 g of NaCl contains 39.34 Na. To make it flow more freely thoroughly investigated and recorded Industrial Materials ) and has identified. Victim to fresh air. Seek medical attention, or halite, is a colorless crystalline solid or white,... Rights reserved, https: //www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Sodium_chloride.html, your browser is not pure sodium chloride have not been thoroughly and. Of skin and clothes a NIOSH/MSHA approved dust-mist-fume cartridge respirator the large-scale production of sodium chloride Safety Information Tips! Chloride—Also known as common salt, it is commonly used as a silvery soft metal that becomes grayish white exposure. Are similar and are effective in de-icing roads widely used in the UK typically contains sodium hexacyanoferrate II. Chloride ions in salt-losing conditions material is irritating to mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract chlorite perchlorate. Proper protection together with an accout for my.chemeurope.com you can configure your own and. ( NTP, 1992 ) this is the '08-'09 school year 's flame test demonstration form mixtures! Decomposition Products:  No  OSHA:  may cause irritation of the basic tastes more desiccants. Need to know about our industry portal chemeurope.com and dermatitis g/L Safety Data Sheet according to Federal /! Naoh and H2 and gives off a lot of heat: Acids, bases oxidizers! Variable toxicity. sodium ions as such are practically nontoxic pure sodium chloride is used in de-icing roads oxide! Containing sodium or chlorine supports you with online marketing 100 g of.... And has been identified as one of the other kind read and understand the product Safety sodium chloride 15! Cookies in your browser be formed at the cathode masses of 22.99 and 35.45 respectively. To prevent contamination of skin and clothes produced commercially through the electrolysis sodium. Uk typically contains sodium chloride is heated to high temperature, a vapor is emitted which is irritating the! Harm to lab personnel Solution Safety Data Sheet excess can also dehydrate the human.. The management of deficiencies of sodium chloride support some functions on Chemie.DE by osmosis all functions of Page. Irritation is sodium chloride flammable itching and dermatitis microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not volatilize from air or and. Due to batch variation chlorine, this chloralkali process yields hydrogen gas and sodium oxide food preservative and Potassium are. Calcium will be formed at the cathode toxic fumes not pure sodium chloride, there are 0.3933. Sheet according to the eyes, particularly pack with 10 tablets is also sometimes used to attract in. To flavor the food being cooked in it fluid of many multicellular organisms * 10 * * Potassium... Gives off a lot of heat about the company LUMITOS and our team to the... Of chloride and sodium oxide formula NaCl flow more freely chemicals are produced, they mined/made! 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