Read "History of New Brunswick" by Peter Fisher available from Rakuten Kobo. The University of New Brunswick was founded at Fredericton at the same time (1785), making it the oldest English-language university in Canada and the first public university in North America. The next French contact was in 1604, when a party led by Pierre du Gua de Monts and Samuel de Champlain set up camp for the winter on St. Croix Island, between present-day New Brunswick and Maine. I am interested in finding out about Ambrose Richard, my grandfather and one of the last senators of N.B. New Brunswick’s Acadians remain Canada’s largest and strongest French speaking community outside of Québec. Oceanic effects therefore tend to define their climate, economy, and culture. Culture. Introduction: New Brunswick Museum, 2003 Imagine a river stretching away in front of you, one of many in New Brunswick. Parks Canada’s official Facebook page for National Historic Sites of New ... Facebook. ; The territory was originally part of Acadia, which France lost to Great Britain after the Seven Years War (French and Indian War). Normal annual rainfall is slightly above 30 inches (800 mm), and snowfall averages about 115 inches (2,900 mm); annual precipitation (which factors in snowmelt) amounts to about 43 inches (1,100 mm). Forested hills rising behind a small farm near Waterford, N.B. Woodstock is a town in Carleton County, New Brunswick, Canada on the Saint John River, 103 km upriver from Fredericton at the mouth of the Meduxnekeag River.It is near the Canada–United States border and Houlton, Maine and the intersection of Interstate 95 and the Trans-Canada Highway making it a transportation hub. or. Although it is possible that Vikings may have reached as far south as New Brunswick, the first known European exploration of New Brunswick was that of French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1534, who discovered and named the Bay of Chaleur. New Brunswick differs from the other Maritime provinces physiographically, climatologically, and ethnoculturally. SIGNIFICANT DATES IN HISTORY 1534 - Jacques Cartier explores the coast of New Brunswick, sailing into and naming the Bay of Chaleur. New Brunswick, Provincial Returns of Deaths, 1815-1919 Images only. The New Brunswick Scottish Portal has hired three students for the summer. Frame beautiful shots of the lighthouse and twin bridges as the ocean swirls in the background. It’s also filled with friendly locals, delicious seafood, and the highest tides in the world. New Brunswick History [edit | edit source] Acadia [edit | edit source]. In the 20th century, small contingents of eastern European, Dutch, German, Italian, and Asian immigrants added a multicultural dimension, mostly in the larger urban areas. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The majority of soils are acidic and low in nutrients. Discover its history. New Brunswick is one of 3 provinces collectively known as the "Maritimes." New Brunswick – New Brunswick Births and Baptisms, 1819-1899, index 3. Web. See more of National Historic Sites of New Brunswick on Facebook. It lies along Caraquet Bay (an inlet of Chaleur Bay), near the mouth of the Caraquet River, 42 miles (68 km) northeast of Bathurst. It was created as a result of the partitioning of the British colony of Nova Scotia in 1784 and was originally named New Ireland with the capital to be in Saint John. The Charlottetown Conference of 1864, which ultimately led to the confederation movement, originally had been intended to discuss only a Maritime Union, but concerns over the American Civil War as well as Fenian activity along the border led to an interest in expanding … Follow us on social media. 23 November 2018: We have just added Aiton Families in New Brunswick: The Scottish Immigrant Hugh Aiton (1784-1862) and His Descendants and Relatives in Canada to the website. February is Black History Month. Explore the fishing village of St John in New Brunswick with your guide. 05 Oct. 2016. . Temperatures at Fredericton range from an extreme low of −35 °F (−37 °C) to an extreme high of 99 °F (37 °C). The history of New Brunswick can be viewed according to four periods: pre-European contact, French colonization, British colonization and finally, New Brunswick … The display cases were organized in a generalized geographic order to show changes through time , though many of the images overlap between areas (especially the air photos and maps). During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, some of the deported Acadians from Nova Scotia found their way back to “Acadie,” where they settled mostly along the eastern and northern shores of the new colony of New Brunswick. Throughout the mid 19th century, shipbuilding on the Bay of Fundy shore, on the Petitcodiac River, at Chatham on the Miramichi River, and at Bathurst in the Bay of Chaleur, became a dominant industry in New Brunswick. There were exceptions however, such as the coming of New England Planters to the Sackville region and the arrival of Pennsylvania Dutch settlers in Moncton in 1766. 1604 - The French attempt their first … 1. The St. Croix River follows the southwestern boundary. The New Brunswick Genealogical Society facilitates genealogical research. One of the purposes of this project is to explore that history and document as much of it as we can. The colony relocated the following year across the Bay of Fundy to Port Royal, Nova Scotia. The rivers and coasts lie in the eastern flyway of numerous migrating birds, best seen in early to mid-spring and late summer. Moderate to severe limitations that restrict the range of crops or require special conservation practices climate economy. 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