Coercively controlling perpetrators all have something in common – they don’t accept their behaviour is at fault; they lie, deny and blame their victim. They reviewed 197 cases from five (out of 210) anonymised county courts over six months in 2011. Judges in family court should pay more attention to whether or not they’re being more lenient to the mother than the father. All of the state task forces on gender bias in the courts have wrestled with these difficult questions. In family court, a father is faced with issues such as child custody, child support and, possibly, defending against accusations of domestic violence. This is not a criticism of my fellow professionals, magistrates, judges or the many other people who dedicate their lives to this area of the profession. Last modified on Mon 9 Mar 2020 15.05 EDT. Constructing the child’s best interests in terms of maintaining the parent/child relationship, even when that parent is psychologically unsafe and violent, is not only putting children in grave danger, it's putting adult victims in grave danger too. (October 2000). There is specific and calculated gender bias in the family Courts system, to say otherwise is to say that the hundreds of thousands of men stating it are wrong and you alone are right which would only lead to stereotypical assertations that inherently lead to a bias conclusion. The law itself has no gender bias. It is just the reality that faces us day to day. The real problem facing family justice is the slashing of court budgets and the absence of legal aid in the vast majority of children cases.His Honour Glenn BrasseRetired circuit judge, London. There is little to no gender bias in the family courts, no matter whether a dispute is about children or money. The unethical experts believe that the perpetrators are not to blame for their behaviour; their behaviour is induced, through stress or mutual conflict. 3. Contradictory perceptions can be traced to the imprecision of the best interest standard, anecdotal cases that have been popularized in the media, a selection bias among cases that are decided in court, the absence of reliable nonpartisan research, distortions of existing research, and implicit assumptions about which parent should get custody. The unethical experts in the family court system hold enormous power; the reality of which is terrifying for any adult or child victim of abuse. Parents who are in a custody dispute did not start off that way. Where Does Family Court Gender Bias Originate From? Experts influencing family court decisions in these cases should have expertise in coercive control and report accordingly. There is a gendered nature to the problem of these court reporters who openly and shamelessly support Gardner’s theory and deny domestic violence. Child custody gender bias still manages to rear its ugly head in the family courtrooms across the country. In CFLP’s world, we often hear criticism of the family courts based on its perceived gender bias against fathers in children matters; we often hear criticism that the child support system, and the financial system on divorce, is stacked the other way. Sodha refers to a “disproportionately male” judiciary, but that was certainly not the case in the central family court, where I sat. coercive control * Narcissistic abuse * family court. “research on interviews with family court judges revealed a pro access narrative that negated the coercive control future risk and ensured continued contact between perpetrators and their children.”. Most of them fall along the lines of two common themes: people who think women are being favored and people who think men are being favored. Three features of that report (Harding and Newnham, 2015) jumped out at me as an academic, quantitative social scientist: 1. UK Governments must be alert that they and the police are currently encouraging victims of coercive control to come forward and report, only for this victim to enter the family courts and risk losing their abused children into the custody of their abuser. The family court system in the UK is the single most effective factor in promoting childhood delinquency and mental problems by their bias in failing … But if anonymising the judgment would prevent the harm, publication will be more likely to occur. The expert witness in a family court case plays a significant role in the contact or custody decision. Pressure group Separated Dads states simply that: “The important fact to remember is that, in the majority of cases, the father will not be granted custody of the child by the courts. But as gender roles have evolved in society, more and more mothers are working instead of staying home. No child should get subjected to abuse due to gender bias in the family court system and lack of due diligence when appointing court reporters. Women still face 'massive gender bias' in UK workforce, new AI study finds 'Some sectors appear as ‘virtual economic ghettos’ of men,' says expert The ‘family system theory’ reporters, wrongly believe, just as their abusive client believes, in false stereotypes that have been widely disproved by credible scholars. Research, on the contrary, shows that false accusations of domestic abuse by women are rare, and a perpetrator of abuse is four times more likely to lie. Actual bias in the courts of England and Wales is blessedly rare. Small/unrepresentative sample. That there remains a presumption, that contact with abusive parents is in the child’s best interests, given the overwhelming evidence of the effects of abuse on children, is perplexing and can only be described as human rights’ breaches by the family courts on a monumental scale. This paper was presented by Gene C. Colman to the Federation of Law Societies National Family Law Program 2000 held in St. John's Newfoundland, July 2000. The “parental alienation syndrome” to which she refers may or may not exist as a phenomenon, but it is, sadly, true that some mothers turn their children unfairly against their fathers, just as often as is the converse. Several well-known parental alienation ‘experts’ in the USA and UK have been found guilty of misconduct and have been fined and sanctioned accordingly; just like their coercively controlling clients, one by one their façade is crumbling. “unsupervised contact was commonly ordered to abusive fathers”. The law itself has no gender bias. If you are reading this the chances are you have already previewed a number of websites from a number of authorities, both lawyers and laypersons, making claims about bias in the family courts. By re-labelling coercive control as ‘conflict’, the resulting contact or custody orders are no different from those handed down in a non-domestic abuse case. Somewhere between the two extremes, you get a more realistic picture. If there are not more reliable studies than this, then there is a worrying gap in the literature.Colin RowatDepartment of economics, University of Birmingham. one which prevents un- prejudiced consideration of a question,"' is a subjective phenomenon that has the potential to produce objective consequences. Analogously, suppose female and male job applicants are hired with equal probability, but that the females overwhelmingly applied for lower-pay/lower-status jobs. Statistically, it appears that the family courts in the United States are biased against fathers. The reverse is true. 2. Whether family courts display biases that distort their ability to discern what is in children’s best interests is clearly important. Gender neutral couples have two children, regardless of child gender, while the gender biased parents stop after they have a boy or two children, whichever comes first. He suggested that with a hostile mother (often for very good reason) and in the absence of contact, a child might well grow up with strong negative feelings about the absent father. Sonia Sodha. The unethical court reporters are still working today in the family court system and diagnosing mothers and treating children with their secret, special therapy to make children believe abuse did not occur. Gender differences throughout. The denying perpetrator needed an effective defence in the family court;  they needed a lawyer and an ‘expert’ to support that defence. October to December 2014 statistics added. Experts influencing family court decisions in these cases should have expertise in coercive control and report accordingly. No child should get subjected to abuse at the behest of a controlling parent. This research has been available since 2016. They used it as a tool to encourage the order for contact to be complied with. Those negative feelings might at some level develop into the child having damaging negative feelings about half their own genetic inheritance, with consequences for their own feelings of self-worth, emotional development and ability to make relationships. The central family court in High Holborn, London. The academic research found that these ‘experts’ believe that mothers alienate and harm their children, and they don’t believe it’s important to consider domestic violence when making custody decisions. Instead, the authors note that “our findings … are not statistically representative of the general practice in 2011” (page 8). In this example, first-born females receive 0.25 units of investment on average and first-born boys receive 0.75 on average (i.e., β = -0.5). Achieving this often in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary, the judiciary and the ‘expert’ report writers need to make coercively controlling abuse and intimidation ‘disappear’. • Sonia Sodha cites a “review of published court decisions” in support of her article. What should be most concerning is that turning the public against judges may so undermine confidence in the family justice system that people will either not try to seek redress or, worse, take the law into their own hands. Increasingly, divorced fathers across the country have long expressed concern about a systemic bias in family court. For example, 83% of mothers receive custody of their children in divorces. Richard Gardner, a disreputable court reporter, created a defence which blamed mothers for a fathers abuse – he called his theory ‘parental alienation syndrome’, and a cottage industry of charlatans emerged along with specialist parental alienation lawyers. Exposing children to the ridicule of their peers and their parents to prurient curiosity, and discouraging witnesses from providing evidence, should be avoided. Judges and court reporters are entitled to their beliefs, but when those personal beliefs impact their decisions and the safety of children, then a register of interests must be made available so parents can make an informed choice rather than enter a system to get tricked, blamed, vilified and pathologised. “evaluators misconceptions about domestic violence and the use of gendered stereotypes can place children at further risk of harm through consequent recommendations for perpetrators to have significant contact with their children.”. All forms of feminism seeks to empower women and that most certainly also includes those that seek dominance rather than equality. The National Judicial Education Program's (NJEP)judicial education programs were the catalyst for a series of task forces established by state chief justices, state supreme courts and federal circuit councils to examine gender bias in their own court systems and recommend reforms. In 2016 academic research was published by Griffith University, Brisbane; the research covered the UK, Ireland, USA and Australia. Coercive control is thus ignored or minimised, re-constructed as inconsequential, re-constituted as something else (e.g. Is There A Gender Bias In Childcare Cases Posted A recent study has shown that men are treated fairly when trying to get access to their children in family courts, and are ‘overwhelmingly successful’ in getting contact applications approved. Family court statistics quarterly: January to March 2015. One in four women and one in six men will be a victim of domestic violence in their lifetime, according to Living Without Abuse. Family court systems globally appoint these under-qualified and unethical court reporters who are ‘family systems theory’ educated. Family court judges in the UK are mandated to take into consideration domestic abuse. It should not come as a shock that men face antiquated gender stereotypes when going through a divorce, and that fighting these can lead to lengthy, expensive legal battles that still result in unfair settlements once a judgment is finalized. No child should be subjected to abuse due to the lack of understanding around coercive control and lack of robust governance around the process that leads to decision making. Here, maintaining abusive fathers’ relationships with their children are the primary consideration in determinations of a child’s best interests. Gender Bias Articles by Gene C. Colman. The findings were shocking and raised serious alarm bells for victims of domestic abuse and children in these countries. “Of concern is current research which calls into serious question the expertise of these ‘experts’ when it comes to proceedings involving coercively controlling violence”. Divorcing Men Face Pervasive Gender Stereotypes in Family Court. Seriously, if father's are interested in equal parenting time after divorce, why are the majority of them spending no time at all with their children? These ideas may be old hat to many of your child psychiatrist readers, and it would be good to know of their current standing.His Honour Paul CollinsHorton-cum-Studley, Oxfordshire. Individuals and groups have complained about this bias of the courts for several years, but it’s simply a fact that … Both child and adult victim are court-ordered into communication and contact with coercively controlling perpetrators. “It would seem that many of the views held by the judiciary with regards to domestic violence are reflected in the assessments and subsequent recommendations made by these ‘experts’. Click Here: http://www.FathersHelpHotline.com to order The Fathers Rights Protection System or The Audio Gold System. In addition, more and more people are having to represent themselves. While each court is unique, in most courts, men absolutely, and often, get the short end of the stick. Why? Religious or cultural background bias. These reporters do irreparable damage to women and children and as a result of their inaccurate reporting, women are not given a level playing field in the courtroom. Once the abusive parent and their parental alienation team deny the psychological abuse and win custody, ironically, the coercively controlling parent then goes on to psychologically abuse their children and alienate them from the domestic abuse victim! Furthermore, the court can take measures to make it easier for an alleged victim to give evidence, by providing screened witness boxes, evidence given over a video link, and intermediaries to help the cognitively impaired. To examine gender bias in the court, we first need to understand how gender roles play out in a family unit and what happens when a custody dispute disrupts this dynamic. The anomaly is that while the accuser may have legal aid representation, the accused, usually a man, does not. What doesn't seem reasonable is the noise that the Men's Rights movement makes about gender bias in Family Court, not based on the statistics above, anyway. 18 December 2014. There are certainly plenty of people out there who very firmly believe that gender bias is a very real thing in UK courts. In fact, perceived bias against men in family courts has, in large part, provided the so-called “Men’s Rights Movement” with momentum. Women’s Aid calls for the government to commission an independent inquiry into the family courts to tackle this systematic gender discrimination. Sonia Sodha says most judgments in the family courts relating to separated parents’ contact with children are never published and that there is a lack of transparency about how these decisions are made (There is a bias in family courts – but it’s not against men, Journal, 6 March). According to Aaron Larson, previous to the twentieth century, children were often treated as property of the father by common law jurisdictions. Urgent action is needed to remedy this unjust situation. Our lawyers explain that just because women are considered culturally better at parenting than men does not give the court a legal right to award more child custody rights to the mother unless there are facts proving that the child’s best interests would be met if he or she remains to live with the mother. Despite all the evidence on coercive control today, the parental alienation proponents still help the perpetrator deny domestic abuse in the courtroom, and, outside the courtroom, continue to lobby to get the spurious defence into legislation. Changes to the Gender System: Working Moms. Nonetheless, I still don’t think feminism, even in its more extreme forms, is a root cause of the gender bias exhibited within our family courts. The research found that “the biggest predictor of custodial/visitation recommendations was beliefs held by evaluators about domestic violence”. Religion, State, Gender Equality, and Damages for Court Order Breach A Commentary on Bruker v. Marcovitz ; Gender Bias: Where Are We? If you are struggling with the behaviour of a coercively controlling ex then I can offer you help to ease your worry and stress. One in four women and one in six men will be a victim of domestic violence in their lifetime, according to Living Without Abuse. Gender bias, false stereotypes, unethical experts, and abuse of power. Bias, "a particular tendency or inclination, esp. Contains information on recognizing gender bias, how gender bias is manifested in the courtroom, suggested ways to avoid gender bias, and responsibility for eliminating gender bias in the courtroom (see page 9). I also wouldn’t accept the view put forward by some that the family court is biased as a whole. The 2011 cases show exactly this pattern – fathers’ applications are disproportionately for basic outcomes like contact (pages 10, 12) – but the report does not consider discouraged applicants. Handbook on Gender Equality in the Courts: A Guide for All New Mexico Courts. 26 March 2015 . “evaluators recommendations seemed more tied to their own wishful thinking about the future rather than to the present realities of domestic violence”. In 1999, the National Conference on Public Trust an… Mat Camp. onia Sodha says most judgments in the family courts relating to separated parents’ contact with children are never published and that there is a lack of transparency about how these decisions are made (, There is a bias in family courts – but it’s not against men. Instead of forensically trying to adjudicate on who “benefits” more from potential bias in the system or directing criticism to the existing court process, which can on occasions feel like you are doing your job with one hand tied behind your back, more focus needs to be placed on what reforms would enable a better outcome for all those who have recourse to the family judicial system.Eloise DownChartered legal executive (family), Trethowans. It delights the perpetrator and traumatises their victims, for years on end. Family Court Reporters: Gender Bias, Victim Blaming & the Whitewashing of Domestic Violence, academic research was published by Griffith University, under-qualified and unethical court reporters, alienate them from the domestic abuse victim, lack of understanding around coercive control, parental alienation in domestic abuse cases, ← How The Family Courts Contribute to Gender-Based Violence, Coercive Control And The Family Court Trap →. They would profit nicely from victim-blaming. The truth about “gender bias” in Family Courts. We would want to explore whether females were not applying for jobs known to be “for the boys”. The study also finds that “a higher number of residence orders were made for mothers than for fathers” (page 56), that the “most common outcome was for the child to live with the mother and the father to be granted a contact order” (page 58), and that fathers’ sole-residence order applications had a 50% success rate (page 64) against 63% for mothers (page 65); in applications brought while parents are still living together, over three-quarters of children end up with their mother, six times as many as end up with their father (page 74). In Australia, human rights lawyer, Serene Teffaha, of boutique Australian law firm Advocate Me, is taking on the family justice system in the courtroom on behalf of all women and children who have suffered from gross injustice as a result. No wonder they don’t wish to come under public scrutiny. A successful outcome in a case where domestic violence has been alleged (by a person of any gender) will rarely garner the attention of the press. There is no evidence that family courts in England and Wales are discriminating against fathers because of gender bias, a new study by the Universities of Warwick and Reading and funded by the Nuffield Foundation has found. “contact with whom a parent the child does not live (usually fathers) is almost always deemed by the family courts to be in the child’s best interests, regardless of whether the non resident parent is a perpetrator of coercive control”. That women, post-separation, are manipulative, vengeful, and bitter; that women exaggerate or intentionally lie about abuse. No two family cases are the same, but the stakes are always high when you are dealing with serious allegations of domestic abuse. The idea that family courts are biased against men is a dangerous fallacy . Another theory behind some of the gender bias we’re seeing in the court system relates to a mother’s expectations. Have you been falsely accused of alienating your child in Family Court, when you have evidence of abuse? The judges had no wish for the threat to be carried out. Evidence shows that the disproportionately male judiciary is … Bias against men in family courts could be gender discrimination. At its 1988 annual meeting, the Conference of Chief Justices adopted a resolution urging every Chief Justice to establish a task force "devoted to the study of gender bias in the courts." Coercively controlling perpetrators all have something in common – they don’t accept their behaviour is at fault; they lie, deny and blame their victim. • Sonia Sodha is surely correct in asserting that issues in court relating to a father’s contact with children are highly fraught. This article is more than 9 months old. The courts now recognise the importance of both parents in a child’s life. First … mutual violence) and subsumed under alternative gendered narratives that call into question women’s credibility but not men’s.”. All too often a father is viewed as incapable of showing the same kind of loving and devoted parenting to children which mother's are supposed to be known for. In fact, since 2014 judges are required to permit and send certain cases to the British and Irish Legal Information Institute for publication unless it would be harmful to do so. Years ago, mothers were expected to do one thing: be mothers. I remember watching in the court of appeal in the 1960s when a threat to that effect was made. Our systems must not oppress, and our systems must not cover up and enable child abuse. A child psychiatrist giving evidence many years ago made a more powerful and subtle argument directed towards the mother, for contact between children and a non-resident father. Additionally, men are awarded less support on average than mothers who are awarded support. 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