When Paul speaks of his impending death, he speaks of eternal bliss accompanying it: 6 Therefore, being always of good courage, and knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:6). Other texts, in addition to the Luke text, provide further insight into the kinds of prayer138 Peter calls for in our text. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded. Ye shall receive a crown of glory - A glorious crown or diadem. (III). In 1 Peter 4:6, Peter speaks of the saints who are “judged in the flesh as men,” but who “live in the spirit according to the will of God.” Whether this judgment is by unbelieving opponents (as Stephen was condemned to death) or whether it is the “judgment” of physical death all men suffer due to Adam’s sin (Romans 5:12-21), or both, it is judgment believers suffer in time. 39 But we are not of those who shrink back to destruction, but of those who have faith to the preserving of the soul (Hebrews 10:32-39, emphasis mine). Christian love is not an easy, sentimental reaction. The difficulty with this statement is that nearly 2,000 years have passed since it was penned by Peter. TO WHOM HE ADDRESSES THIS EPISTLE.--The heading, 1 Peter 1:1 elect strangers (spiritually pilgrims) of the dispersion" (Greek), clearly marks the Christians of the Jewish dispersion as prominently addressed, but still including also Gentile Christians as grafted into the Christian Jewish stock by adoption and faith, and so being part of the true Israel. 8 But since we are of [the] day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation. of . Our “service” may actually be self-serving. They constantly asked Jesus for more specific details about the final events, especially about His kingdom: 1 And Jesus came out from the temple and was going away when His disciples came up to point out the temple buildings to Him. In such times, our prayers will be for the grace to stand under fire, for boldness in our witness and other saints’ witness, and for the soon return of our Lord accompanied by the establishment of His kingdom on earth. But the Old Testament prophets were right in seeing the events of the first coming of Christ and those of His second coming as one main event rather than two. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Indeed, in 2 Peter, he feels the necessity of explaining the apparent “delay” in the fulfillment of prophetic promises. 11 Therefore encourage one another, and build up one another, just as you also are doing (1 Thessalonians 5:4-11, emphasis mine). Second, Peter seems to be urging those who speak God’s Word to speak in a way that communicates God’s authority and not the authority of the speaker. 134 “Perfect active indicative of eggizo, to draw near, common late verb (from eggus), same form used by the Baptist of the Messiah’s arrival (Matt. Moreover, the order in which the countries are enumerated, from northeast to south and west, is such as would be adopted by one writing from the Oriental Babylon on the Euphrates, not from Egypt or Rome. 21 And he drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent. (1) The “multitude of sins” which are “covered” are the sins of the saints. STYLE.--Fervor and practical truth, rather than logical reasoning, are the characteristics, of this Epistle, as they were of its energetic, warm-hearted writer. We find it used elsewhere in both the Old Testament and the New: 12 Hatred stirs up strife, But love covers all transgressions (Proverbs 10:12). 19 My brethren, if any among you strays from the truth, and one turns him back, 20 let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death, and will cover a multitude of sins (James 5:19-20). We have heard Bible teachers speak of these events, separated by at least 2,000 years, as mountain peaks which the prophets saw in close proximity. 32 And all the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; 33 and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left. It is not the messenger who is authoritative; it is the message. In chapter 1, Peter can call for a persevering love because we are born of an eternal seed, and thus our love should likewise be long-lived and not just fair-weather sentimentality. The apostles were accredited as such by signs and wonders, which proved them to be true apostles of our Lord (2 Corinthians 12:12; Hebrews 2:4). There will be social and political upheaval and natural disasters. 6 Let your speech always be with grace, seasoned, [as it were,] with salt, so that you may know how you should respond to each person (Colossians 4:2-6). If our gift is in the area of speaking (and this means much more than preaching), we must be sure to speak the truth of His Word in a way that communicates the authority of the Word. His crucifixion is certain from Christ's prophecy, John 21:18 John 21:19 DIONYSIUS OF CORINTH (in EUSEBIUS [Ecclesiastical History, 2.25]) asserted in an epistle to the Romans, that Paul and Peter planted both the Roman and Corinthian churches, and endured martyrdom in Italy at the same time. 36 For you have need of endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised. (New Jerusalem Bible), If speaking, let it be as God’s suggestions. I took a seminary student along with me, and because we were both wearing suits, the family greeted us eagerly. The heathen used it for the oracles which come to them from their gods; the Christians used it for the words of scripture and the words of Christ. 4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day should overtake you like a thief; 5 for you are all sons of light and sons of day. Our judgment comes now, Peter suggests, but our vindication and glory comes afterwards for all eternity. This is where grumbling comes in. It also gives us a sense of urgency that the time for the preaching of the gospel and the salvation of the lost is short (see 2 Corinthians 4:16–5:21). If spiritual gifts are to be employed in serving one another, they are ultimately to be employed to the glory of God. He exhorts us to be hospitable, without grumbling. 7 For those who sleep do their sleeping at night, and those who get drunk get drunk at night. But He did emphasize the importance of watchfulness and alertness, a consistent readiness for the kingdom. Troas, too, is known as the scene of Paul's preaching and raising Eutychus to life ( Acts 20:6-10 staying for a time with Carpus ( 2 Timothy 4:13 Church is expressly named in Scripture elsewhere. He urged His disciples to be found faithfully carrying out the tasks He had given them to do in His absence: 26 “And just as it happened in the days of Noah, so it shall be also in the days of the Son of Man: 27 they were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were being given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all. But how? Knowing that eternity is just around the corner should significantly affect the way we live. It is hard for us to grasp the difficulty and danger hospitality poses for those endeavoring to practice it in times of persecution. As the return of our Lord draws nearer, there will be times of persecution and affliction. (5) The “end” seems to begin with the first coming of our Lord. Grace is unmerited, and so we cannot boast in the gifts we have been given (1 Corinthians 4:7). We should suffer patiently, after the example of Christ, 1 Peter 4:1.And no longer live according to our former custom, but disregard the scoffs of those who are incensed against us because we have forsaken their evil ways, who are shortly to give account to God for their conduct, 1 Peter 4:2-5.How the Gospel was preached to Jews and Gentiles, 1 Peter 4:6. Watchfulness for the Lord’s return should be characterized by prayer. Q. 1 And working together [with Him,] we also urge you not to receive the grace of God in vain—2 for He says, “AT THE ACCEPTABLE TIME I LISTENED TO YOU, AND ON THE DAY OF SALVATION I HELPED YOU”; behold, now is “THE ACCEPTABLE TIME,” behold, now is “THE DAY OF SALVATION” (2 Corinthians 6:1-2). Among other things, love does not gossip about the sins of others. In his first and second epistles, Peter speaks of the blessings which await believers and the judgment stored up for unbelievers: they will glorify God in the day of visitation, grace to be brought at the revelation of Jesus Christ, the spirits in prison; judgment in days of Noah, they will give account to Him who will judge the living and the dead, the Chief Shepherd appears and we receive crown of glory, will be kept under punishment for day of judgment, black darkness reserved for them (contrast 1 Peter 1:3-5), the day dawns, the morning star arises in our hearts, the new heavens, new earth, in which righteousness dwells. It was out of His love for us that Christ came to die in our place, bearing the punishment for our sins. 23 But I am hard-pressed from both [directions,] having the desire to depart and be with Christ, for [that] is very much better; 24 yet to remain on in the flesh is more necessary for your sake (Philippians 1:23-24). (7) Spiritual gifts should be exercised to the glory of God (verse 11). Every Christian has been divinely gifted for service. 2 Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation, 3 now that you have tasted that the Lord is good. (2 Corinthians 9:12-15). Peter contrasts the fate of the believer with that of the unbeliever. Instead, Peter deals with the ordinary, every day hindrances to hospitality which blesses others. 1 Now He was telling them a parable to show that at all times they ought to pray and not to lose heart, 2 saying, “There was in a certain city a judge who did not fear God, and did not respect man. Instead, it seeks to keep sin as private as possible. Peter sums up all prophecy with these few words: The end of all things is at hand (1 Peter 4:7a). However, when the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on the earth?” (Luke 18:1-8). We have newcomers and visitors to our church who would greatly profit from our hospitality. In the final analysis, this is the goal of every aspect of our life: 31 Whether, then, you eat or drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God (1 Corinthians 10:31). 20 Let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save his soul from death, and will cover a multitude of sins (James 5:20). INTRODUCTION. Silvanus, Paul's companion, became subsequently Peter's, and was the carrier of this Epistle. The “one another” characteristic of this passage makes it apparent Peter is speaking to Christians about their love for fellow-believers. 14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world for a witness to all the nations, and then the end shall come” (Matthew 24:3-14). 8 But all these things are [merely] the beginning of birth pangs. When Moses spoke his final words, he warned the Israelites not to become preoccupied with the mysteries which were not revealed, but to become students of what God had revealed to them in His Law: “The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but the things revealed belong to us and to our sons forever, that we may observe all the words of this law” (Deuteronomy 29:29). 17 For [it is] time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if [it begins] with us first, what [will be] the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God? . It may also include the prayers of the church collectively offered up in these latter days. 5:6), though it is drawing nearer all the time (Rom. There will be an intensification of opposition toward Christians so that fellow Christians begin to turn on each other and family members betray one another (see also Mark 13:12-13). It is serving fellow-believers so they are edified and built up in their faith. 5 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many. From Peter’s words in 2 Peter 3:3-4, he seems to have expected a delay before all the prophecies were fulfilled. That is because we are living in the same age our Lord commenced in His first coming, which He will bring to consummation in His second. Spiritual service is serving in the name of Christ. Any apparent delays in prophetic events must be viewed from an eternal time frame rather than a merely temporal one (2 Peter 3:8). But not all our moments were utter bliss, for us or for them. The Bible should not be on a bar stool. . 1 Peter 5:5-8 New International Version (NIV). But we must be careful not to restrict the gifts to “one per customer.” It seems almost impossible to say that Paul had but one gift. 6 For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live in the spirit according to [the will of] God (1 Peter 4:6). The author calls himself the apostle Peter, 1 Peter 1:1 and an "elder," 1 Peter 5:1 the warmth of Peter's character; and, as ERASMUS says, this Epistle is full of apostolic dignity and authority and is worthy of the leader among the apostles. This is not because hospitality is dangerous for us, but because our culture holds privacy so dear. Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas, and has contributed many of his Bible study series for use by the Foundation. Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Jump to: Bible Study Tools • Parallel Bible Verse • Bible Contextual Overview • Bible Verse Review • Bible Cross-References • Gill's Bible Notes • Clarke's Bible Notes • Barnes' Bible Notes When Paul at an earlier period "assayed to go into Bithynia" ( Acts 16:7 suffered him not. The story of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19-31) is but one example. This means we do not, like the false prophets, speak independently of God and even contrary to His Word (see Jeremiah 23:25-32; Ezekiel 13:1-7; Colossians 2:18). While suffering may not be a pleasant companion, it is one of God’s effective ways of keeping us from becoming too attached to this life and giving us a yearning for heaven. 11 Whoever speaks, let him speak, as it were, the utterances of God; whoever serves, let him do so as by the strength which God supplies; so that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom belongs the glory and dominion forever and ever. Unbelievers are sinners, whose sins have set them on the road that leads to eternal torment. The realization of future bliss as near causes him to regard believers as but "strangers" and "sojourners" here. 15 “And if your brother sins, go and reprove him in private; if he listens to you, you have won your brother. The good news is there are very positive benefits. Let us therefore lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. We left, indicating we … Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! In all other cases he showed himself to be, indeed, as Paul calls him, "a pillar" ( Galatians 2:9 him in "Babylon," whence he wrote this First Epistle to the Israelite believers of the dispersion, and the Gentile Christians united in Christ, in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia. Search using our Online Bible by Topic, Verse Reference or Phrase. . So TERTULLIAN [Against Marcion, 4.5, and The Prescription Against Heretics, 36, 38]. It is all a part of one big plan, a plan God is bringing to a close. They were exposed to persecutions, though apparently not systematic, but rather annoyances and reproach arising from their not joining their heathen neighbors in riotous living, into which, however, some of them were in danger of falling. on StudyLight.org 10 As each one has received a special gift, employ it in serving one another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. StudyLight Bible Dictionaries; StudyLight Greek Lexicon; StudyLight Hebrew Lexicon; ... 1 Peter 1 1:1-2 Strangers in the World 1:3-6 Reasons to ... 1:18-20 Mary Had a Little Lamb 1:21-25 The World’s Greatest Gospel Quartet. (2) We must interpret Peter’s teaching here in light of the rest of his teaching. 15 Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift! A wonderful change was wrought in him by his restoration after his fall, through the grace of his risen Lord. Who am also a partaker (o kai koinwno). In Pisidia was Antioch, where Paul was the instrument of converting many, but was driven out by the Jews. He is well called "the mouth of the apostles." ed], 1976). Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. 9 Then they will deliver you to tribulation, and will kill you, and you will be hated by all nations on account of My name. . We may even learn one of those we have entertained was an angel! Truly I say to you, not one stone here shall be left upon another, which will not be torn down.” 3 And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what [will be] the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:1-3). If those who speak should speak God’s Word as though it were God’s Word, those who serve should do so in God’s strength. We left, indicating we would return. 1 Peter 4:8 Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins. By being hospitable, we give evidence to our own faith, and we do what is pleasing to our Lord. (The Living Stone and a Chosen People. The kingdom of heaven is at hand in a number of ways, but especially is it at hand at the time the gospel is proclaimed. Some believe it means that when we love, many of our sins are covered. By following clues provided by the grammar of the original text, we would classify the different gifts named in this way: In both gifts (speaking or serving), Peter’s exhortation is given in a positive way. Saints are those whose sins are forgiven but whose sins are not yet eradicated (see Romans 7). In Phrygia, Paul preached both times when visiting Galatia in its neighborhood, and in it were the churches of Laodicea, Hierapolis, and Colosse, of which last Church Philemon and Onesimus were members, and Archippus and Epaphras leaders. Jesus warned us the great day would catch many, even Christians, unaware. 43 “But be sure of this, that if the head of the house had known at what time of the night the thief was coming, he would have been on the alert and would not have allowed his house to be broken into. While still with His disciples, Jesus warned that times would get tough as the end drew nearer. 18 The LORD is near to the brokenhearted, And saves those who are crushed in spirit (Psalms 34:15-18). Sound judgment is the opposite of insanity. Consider these solutions to this apparent problem. You are[just] a vapor that appears for a little while and then vanishes away. 8 Be of sober [spirit,] be on the alert. 15 Instead, [you ought] to say, “If the Lord wills, we shall live and also do this or that.” 16 But as it is, you boast in your arrogance; all such boasting is evil. 13 For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you (2 Corinthians 5:13, emphasis mine). This gives us a very important clue to the meaning of the expression, “love covers a multitude of sins.” Love does not seek to “cover up” sin but to cover it. It may not be as important for us to have the right label for our gift as to have a sense of what God has gifted us to do. 138 You will see from the marginal note in the NASB that “prayer” in 1 Peter 4:7 is literally “prayers” (plural). Peter’s words indicate that Christian service is not natural but supernatural. We are not of night nor of darkness; 6 so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober. We are given a clue to the meaning of Peter’s citation in Proverbs 17:9: 9 He who covers a transgression seeks love, But he who repeats a matter separates intimate friends (Proverbs 17:9). (4) Spiritual gifts are given to Christians as a stewardship. The end is not just one event but the converging of all things to draw to a close the eternal purposes of God. received the answer, "I go to be crucified afresh." 20 For where two or three have gathered together in My name, there I am in their midst” (Matthew 18:15-20). Love “covers” the sins of saints. He was a realist. In our text, Peter first reminds us that we are living on the edge of eternity. Eventually we realized they thought we were doctors. 1 Peter 1:14 ; 1 Peter 2:9 1 Peter 2:10 ; 3:6 ; 4:3 this. Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. Notice the way the term “sound judgment” is used elsewhere in the New Testament: 15 And they came to Jesus and observed the man who had been demon-possessed sitting down, clothed and in his right mind, the very man who had had the “legion”; and they became frightened (Mark 5:15, emphasis mine). We shall not try to expound all the relevant texts, but we must be aware of them, and our interpretation of Peter’s teaching must not contradict the rest of Scripture. Peter uses it for the outcome of our faith (1 Peter 1:9) and also for the outcome of unbelief (1 Peter 4:17). In the days of the early church, hospitality was vitally important. Though at the Jerusalem council he advocated the exemption of Gentile converts from the ceremonial observances of the law, yet he, after having associated in closest intercourse with the Gentiles at Antioch, withdrew from them, through dread of the prejudices of his Jewish brethren who came from James, and timidly dissembled his conviction of the religious equality of Jew and Gentile; for this Paul openly withstood and rebuked him: a plain refutation of his alleged supremacy and infallibility (except where specially inspired, as in writing his Epistles). 5 Or do you think that the Scripture speaks to no purpose: “He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us”? Your password, then click continue “ stewards of the Christian PLEASURE in him his... A beautiful young woman change the tire on her car New International Version ( )., for us today is the message the Israelite tithe and slaves realized had! 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