German POW’s captured in campaigns in Western Europe, were held in Allied POW camps. Sketch showing life of British prisoners of war in a German camp during World War Two. From 1917, Germany sent British … The sketch was made in Stalag XXI D in Posen, Poland, by Lieutenant J F Watton of the 4th Border Regiment who was captured near the Somme in June 1940. Some Reminiscences of a Prisoner of War in Germany. June 1945. Source Information. Post World War II hangings under British jurisdiction at Hameln Prison in Germany. In 1946, the year after the end of World War Two, more than 400,000 German prisoners of war (POWs) were still being … The fortress had also served as an Oflag in World War I. CD. Where a liberation report exists it may provide more details than the liberation questionnaire. In 1917, Germany kept British and French prisoners of war on the Western Front in dangerous locations, carrying out forced labour. Use the guide ‘reports by prisoners of war, Second World War’ available at The National Archives for guidance on how to find references and the explanation of the appendices. The sketch was passed by the German censor, and shows an eight-sleeper bunk in the camp. 8th Army Corps. Sets of record series collectively make up record departments, most of which represent the central government departments which originally collected and created the records. Search this collection . Please note that this series is still accruing and currently only goes up to June 1940. Viewed 1k times 5. Their numbers reached a peak of around 400,000 in 1946, and then began to fall when repatriation began. 13 of 31. Prisoners of war are an asset, an important one Germany knew it. Germany and Italy generally treated prisoners from France, the US and the British Commonwealth in accordance with the convention. British prisoners of war: interviews and reports, 1914-1920 Search and download ( £ ) interviews and reports concerning 3,000 British PoWs (WO 161) on our website. research. 2. For quick pointersTuesday to Saturday At present they are only taking search requests enquiries that meet certain criteria – see their website for further information. These were the debriefing reports given by prisoners released from German or Japanese captivity at the end of the Second World War. That's what occurred between 1939 and 1948, when thousands of Germans, Ukranians and others became Britain's prisoners of war, according to a new book. These are selected digitised records from a variety of record collections held at The National Archives, including Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Admiralty and Air Force collections. The Americans did the same to a lesser extent. Read our guide on war crimes for records of prison guards and other camp personnel who may have been tried for crimes committed in the camps, as well as details of camp conditions. See more ideas about prisoners of war, ww1 british, war. Find the digitised reports by searching for the person’s name in our catalogue. Oflag XII-B was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp for officers (Offizierlager) located in the citadel of Mainz, in western Germany. British & Imperial Prisoners of War held in Germany WWII. Search among the correspondence and claims files in the Foreign Office claims department records, in series FO 950, for accounts from Britons imprisoned on enemy territory during the Second World War. The maximum estimate for the total number of German combatant prisoners of war who died in French captivity during the war … There is no general index to prisoners, so searching for individuals may be hard. Search for the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees held in Singapore camps (WO 367) on Findmypast (£). WO 361/1783 Prisoners of war, Italy and Germany: PG 53, Sforzacosta, Italy, and Stalag 398 Pupping, Austria; report by Reverend A J Symonds, CF. Frankfurt am Main. 6 Jan 2021. Archives, Open Government Licence Prisoners of war are an asset, an important one Germany knew it. The Geneva Convention of 1929 established the rules for the treatment of prisoners of war that were used in World War II. Original data: Prisoner of War Collections. MT 9/3954 Examinations taken by British prisoners of war (WW2) WO 32/15502 Shooting of 50 RAF officers at Stalag 3 1944-5. The Germans were obliged to apply this humane treatment to Jewish prisoners of war who wore the British Army's uniform, thus sparing them the horrific fate meted out to other Jews. There were two types of POW camps run by the Germans that soldiers were assigned to. What types of records does The National Archives hold? Army personnel As the war progressed the Prisoners of War Committees back in … Search by name for details of some 190,000 individuals held by German authorities during the Second World War, in series WO 416. British & Imperial Prisoners of War held in Germany WWII. How to research German WWII prisoners of war in British captivity? Most of the reports are original documents only. Search the British Army Prisoners of War, 1939-1945 database on Ancestry.co.uk £ for information about some British prisoners of war. Use the card index to identify which document reference you require in: Consult reports of escapees in AIR 40/1545-1552 for information about Royal Air Force prisoners of war who escaped or evaded capture. The Prisoner-of-War camp is presumably POW Camp 2218 and was managed by British forces of the 21st Army Group and housed over 12,000 Axis POWs, both men and women. Within … WO 32/9895 Treatment of British POWs who escaped to Switzerland 1941-46. Browse our catalogue in WO 361 for enquiries into missing army personnel in both Europe and the Far East. All PoWs were supposed to be protected by rules for the treatment of prisoners of war, which had been established in the Geneva Convention of 1929. Browse and locate file by the relevant surname range in WO 208/5437-5450 for special questionnaires made by individuals about work of escape committees, escape aids, German Censorship and collection of geographic information which might assist future escape attempts. Article 10 required that PoWs should be lodged in adequately heated and lighted buildings where conditions were the same as German troops. In 1916, Germany sent newly captured British and French prisoners to carry out forced labour on the Eastern Front in a reprisal action for the French sending German prisoners of war to camps in North Africa and the British using German prisoners as workers for the British army in France. Initially, the only Germans captured by the British were naval personnel (mainly submariners) and members of the Luftwaffe (German air force). We have an extensive library of magazines and books detailing POW life in General and camps in particular in our ‘historic documents library’, some of which are seldom seen and rare, often with good quality photographs too! 1. L/S of the prisoners playing football, with cut-ins of other prisoners watching. You will need to start your search by consulting the indexes. At ground level, between the rows, coils of barbed wire were laid. If you are trying to establish whether someone was a British or Commonwealth prisoner of war held in Germany or a German-occupied territory, it may save time to start by consulting the following published sources, all held at our library in Kew. The key to a successful search is knowing what search terms to search with and which record series to search within, though you can try speculative searches across our entire collection from the catalogue homepage. KREUZNACH. Ratisbon; World War II POW Camps [edit | edit source] POW camps run by the Germans during World War II. A top-secret operation in World War II bugged thousands of German prisoners, gleaning vital information about the Nazi war machine through "secret listeners" who were themselves German refugees Wikimedia Commons. And even after the war … They include both British prisoners of war and other nationalities. Article 10 required that PoWs should be lodged in adequately heated and lighted buildings where conditions were the same as German troops. In 1944, the course of war began to change drastically, and it became clearer that Germany was losing the war. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. For help translating some of these characters see the Dutch National Archives’ guide on translating Japanese POW cards. Once you have ordered the document identify the relevant index card and make a note of the two part reference given – for example 1/13. 09:00 to 17:00. During the Second World War, over 170,000 British Prisoners of War were captured by German and Italian forces, … 2. British prisoners of war: interviews and reports, 1914-1920 Search and download ( £ ) interviews and reports concerning 3,000 British PoWs (WO 161) on our website. However, although they were relatively well looked after many German prisoners of war suffered mentally. Between 1939 and … These records are arranged by nation (Germany or Japan) and then alphabetically. More than 170,000 British prisoners of war (POWs) were taken by German and Italian forces during the Second World War. Second World War - PoWs held in Europe, 6. Use the following reference codes to target specific departments in which PoW records are held: The rest of this guide provides advice on which record series within these large departments are specifically, and in some cases exclusively, series of PoW records and how to search through them. You can restrict your search to reference WO 208 and the relevant year range. Search results may include other types of documents held in WO 208 – liberation reports falls within the range WO 208/3336-3340. Naval personnel In total Some 95,000 American and 135,000 British and Commonwealth servicemen were incarcerated in prisoners of war (POW) camps in Germany during World War II. Archives 1914-1918: during the First World War, 10 million people, servicemen and civilians, were captured and sent to prisoner-of-war and Internment camps. Good shots to show the civilian dress worn by the prisoners with the black circle marked on their backs. Browse the indexes in WO 347/60-200 and choose the relevant surname range. German POWs from Holland are seen arriving by boat to England in this archive footage filmed during WWII in 1940. Two hospitals in the town. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google If you are trying to establish whether someone was a British or Commonwealth prisoner of war held in Germany or a German-occupied territory, it may save time to start by consulting the following published sources, all held at our library in Kew. Dolbey, Robert V. (1917). Men from the Waffen SS were especially picked out for"special treatment" by both the Red Army as well as the American soldiers. Oct 6, 2019 - Explore Robert Burns's board "Ww1 british prisoners of war in germany" on Pinterest. Most were captured in a string of defeats in France, North Africa and the Balkans between 1940 and 1942. Active 3 years ago. London: John Murray. 14 of 31. Archive pictures of German prisoners held by the British following the second world war. Prisoners of war, British Army, 1939-1945 2. It may be best to start by contacting another organisation, particularly if you are interested in records from the Second World War (see section 7for details). See the sections above on ‘Prisoners of War in Europe‘ for guidance on: The following records contain lists of POWs held in Korea: The ICRC Archives holds lists of prisoners of war and internees of all nationalities for the Second World War. A few have been digitised and are available to download. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. As indicated above, some of our records have been digitally copied and made available online but many have not been copied and to see these you will need to consult them at our building in Kew. The Tunnellers of Holzminden. Thus, it provides a channel of communication between them. These listings were generally made between April and May 1945 so earlier escapees/repatriations will not be listed. Many of the prisoners died during the marches because of poor conditions and/or exhaustion, or were shot along the way. There are nine hospitals in which British prisoners of war have been quartered, i.e., Reifmuseum, Maschinebauschule, Mariahilf, Luisen, Marien, Elisabeth and Garrison Hospitals, and Reserve Lazarets I and II. We add around 200,000 new records each month. Germany There were over 100,000 members of the British armed forces captured during the Second World War and placed in one of the different types of prisoner of war camps run by the Germans. 1. As a result, Soviet POWs were moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘Death Marches’. Nearly a year after the end of World War II, a large number of German prisoners of war (POWs) were still being detained in post-war Britain. Pages in category "World War II prisoners of war held by Germany" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 580 total. But two generations ago, at the height of the second World War, immigration – from enemy territories, to boot – was both incredibly common and barely remarked upon. The series also includes miscellaneous prisoner of war rolls and details of what happened to some individual PoWs. UK, British Prisoners of War, 1939-1945 [database on-line]. World War 2 prisoner of war records now available to read online Britons represent the largest number in the collection, followed by Dutch, Americans and Australians mirror You have two options: Each entry in the card index provides a prisoner’s name, rank, number, corps and the record reference to the report in WO 208, which you can view at The National Archives. It is a good idea to check both sources. World War II Early phase of the war. In 1944, the course of war began to change drastically, and it became clearer that Germany was losing the war. June 1945. The experiences of these prisoners differed in certain important respects from those of captured German servicemen held by other nations. … The first British prisoners were released and reached Calais on 15 November. These reports include internal indexes. Search with terms like ‘POW’ and ‘prisoner’ and, less reliably, with the names of individuals. Ingolstadt. Many of the sources for British Prisoners of War in Europe also cover British Prisoners of war in the Far East. Information regarding PoWs was also communicated via the International Committee of the Red Cross, based in Switzerland . Locate interrogation reports in WO 208/3341-3345 by consulting the card index, sorted by prisoners’ names, in the reading rooms at The National Archives. WWI Prisoners of War in Germany & Turkey Military records of British Prisoners of War (PoWs) during the Great War period are often incomplete, difficult to find, and hard to access. At the end of World War II, many German military units tried to avoid Soviet captivity by turning west and surrendering to western allied forces. The Germans did not have the means to provide a prisoner of war with everything they needed for a reasonable existence. The reports may provide details of escape attempts and organisation. These Eastern Front reprisals were horrific and many prisoners died of cold and starvation. Photographs: Martin Argles . Nazi Germany operated around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps (German: Kriegsgefangenenlager) during World War II.. Germany was a signatory at the Third Geneva Convention, which established the provisions relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War.. Prisoners of War (Germany) By Heather Jones and Uta Hinz Long overlooked, the prisoner of war experience of the estimated 2.4 million combatants held in German captivity during the Great War has recently been the subject of significant new research. As a result, Soviet POWs were moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘Death Marches’. Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images. Limburg POW Camp. The story of the British and German prisoners living together in Ireland, hushed up during and after the war, only came to light in the 1980s, when English novelist John Clive heard the story from a taxi driver who had served as a guard at Curragh, and decided to research the matter for a novel. These listings were generally made between April and May 1945 so earlier escapees/repatriations will not be listed. Contact the American National Archives and Records Administration for records of over 100,000 helpers and correspondence files of the Allied Screening Commission, and the routing slips of the Commission’s paying and investigating officers. Please note, BT 373/3717-8 and BT 373/3722 are available on Findmypast (£). By creating an account you agree to us emailing you with newsletters and discounts, which you can switch off in your account at any time, 2 million exclusive records, found only on our site, Records transcribed in the UK for maximum accuracy, 1 on 1 Personal assistance from military photo and document experts, Access to Orbats mapping tool, allowing you to trace your WW1 ancestors steps. For liberation reports, use the advanced search in our catalogue to search WO 208 by surname and either first name or initials. Many reports include appendices which can provide further information relating to: Browse and download selected lists of British and Commonwealth prisoners of war in WO 392/1-26 for alphabetical lists of prisoners of war from all branches of HM Forces held in Germany or German-occupied territory, Italy and Japan or Japanese-occupied territory. POWs in post-war Britain. Search this collection . 'allied' treatment of German prisoners of war in a Norwegian POW camp, June July 1945 ... French Women Tearily Say Goodbye To German POWs (1944) | British Pathé - Duration: 2:40. The History Learning Site, 25 May 2015. Consult the escape and evasion reports in WO 208, which give individual accounts of escape attempts or capture or awards for those who assisted escape attempts. Over 100,000 soldiers of the British Armed Forces were captured during this war and placed in prisoner of war camps. WW2 was a war of hatred. Sussex, England: The Naval and Military Press. View 'Italian prisoners of war in Austria: impressions and memories', a book on the British Library's World War One website. The advice here refers primarily to military personnel, but does also include some information on records of civilian PoWs. You can use them to search for a person. When war started in September 1939, there were many thousands of British civilians living in Nazi Germany and also in what were to become occupied countries. To do this, the Germans had separated off some huts to form their admin centre or vorlager and then surrounded the remaining huts with a double row of barbed wire, about 4 metres high, with a gap of a metre between the rows. Use this to identify the relevant book within WO 347/14-59, the book numbers run sequentially. The following abbreviations for German prisoner of war camps are found in our records: Search notifications of prisoner of war deaths (RG 32) at bmdregisters.co.uk (£). Not all the records in this series are yet open to the public, nor are they all name searchable in our catalogue, so in some cases there are access restrictions. Browse through WO 344 in our catalogue for questionnaires completed by liberated prisoners of war who had been held captive by the Germans or Japanese. The reports cover prisoners held in Europe (and North Africa). They had no information about their families, the state of their country or when they would be released. This was achieved usually through the agency of another state - generally a neutral country - acting as a 'Protecting Power' for such personnel. Several hospitals for British prisoners; Reserve Lazarett II and H65 are the principal ones. As the Second World War progressed across Europe, Japan continued to expand its empire by sending troops into Indochina and threatening British and Dutch colonies. Two … To find records held by The National Archives, search our catalogueusing keywords. Prisoners of war up to 1855. The prisoners were held in some fifty German POW camps, of several types. See WIKI British World War II prisoners of war for links to Wiki page of many British prisoners. Register with your email address now, we can then send you an alert as soon as we add a record close matching the one you were searching for. Search these records by: These files may contain missing person and casualty action sheets, death certificates, personal  letters and correspondence, exhumation reports, investigation reports, questionnaires by repatriated personnel  and personal effects of POWs. Search by camp name in WO 224 for some details of PoW camps. Prisoners were held all across France, including in Corsica, and, in the first year of the war, large numbers of German prisoners of war were transferred to camps in North Africa. Search for missing RAF personnel in AIR 81. The Japanese war of aggression and expansion began years before the Second World War. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode. M/S of prisoners carving up piece of meat. Please be aware that due to the way we collate, and cross reference our databases, Articles 27-32 detailed the conditions of labour. In 1914, Germany captured more prisoners than Britain had and by 1915, Germany had more than a million prisoners of war. Vilvoorde, Flemish Brabant, Belgium. Traugott Vitz and I have written a book “Hangmen at War” detailing the work of hangmen during and in the aftermath of World War II, operating in the UK, the USA, Canada, France, Italy and elsewhere dealing with war criminals, delinquent soldiers, prisoners of war, saboteurs, spies and traitors. Ellison, Wallace (1918). Citation: C N Trueman "German Prisoners of War" historylearningsite.co.uk. POW camps run by the Germans during World War II. This was a reprisal for the British and French using forced German prisoner labour on the Western Front: the French had forced German prisoners to work under shellfire for months on the Verdun battlefield. In 1914, Germany captured more prisoners than Britain had and by 1915, Germany had more than a million prisoners of war. Belgium, 1945. These listings were generally made between April and May 1945 so earlier escapees/repatriations will not be listed. Search and download index cards for British prisoners of war who were captured by the Japanese (WO 345) on Findmypast (£). At the end of the war in 1918 there were believed to be 140,000 British prisoners of war in Germany, including thousands of internees held in neutral Switzerland. The prisoners were held in some fifty German POW camps, of several types. Durnford, Hugh (1920). This list may not reflect recent changes . They were held in a network of POW … WO 392; IMPERIAL PRISONERS OF WAR HELD IN GERMANY OR GERMAN-OCCUPIED TERRITORY. These hospital registers (WO 347) kept by the prisoners of war, provide medical details such as: They also provide personal details such as unit, age and religion. Information on the index cards are partly in Japanese. Search by name of ship or surname in BT 373 for Merchant Navy prisoners of war. POWs in post-war Britain. These were: Prisoners of War 1715-1945 was … Captives of War: British Prisoners of War in Europe in the Second World War, by Clare Makepeace, is published by Cambridge and costs £31.99 Advertisement Share or comment on this article: These British civilians were to become internees – not prisoners of war, but civilians who had been caught up in the speed of Germany’s Blitzkrieg advance across Western Europe. 5. These documents primarily concern servicemen who escaped internment, were repatriated before the end of the war… The Russians simply tortured and killed any SS soldier they captured. These documents primarily concern servicemen who escaped internment, were repatriated before the end of the war… From 1939 to 1944, captured soldiers from 33 nations passed through the camp. Ancestry.com. v3.0, some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces, some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps, some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe, selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war, documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps, records of enquiries into missing personnel and POWs’ recommendations for awards to civilian helpers (Europe only), country names, for example Italy, Germany, Japan, Korea with the term ‘prisoners of war’, ‘camp’ as a single keyword, or camp name or number, ‘civilian’ and ‘prisoner ‘, ‘internment’ or ‘internees’, ship or glider name, aircraft type and number for missing personnel, type of service, i.e. There were around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps in Germany during World War II.Germany was a signatory at the Third Geneva Convention, which established the provisions relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War. In 1946, the year after the end of World War Two, more than 400,000 German prisoners of war (POWs) were still being … Royal Air Force and ‘prisoner’ or ‘Merchant’ and ‘prisoner of war’ for merchant seamen PoWs, FO for Foreign Office records (use our guide to, use the card index in the reading rooms at The National Archives, feedback on the usefulness of escape aids or instructions provided beforehand, place/location of the incident in which air crew went missing, type of aircraft from which air crew went missing (for example, Blenheim), Stalag (Stammlager) – in most cases, a camp for NCOs and enlisted men, Oflag (Offizierlager) – a camp for officers only, Stalag Luft (Stammlager Luftwaffe) – a camp for Air Force officers administered by the Luftwaffe, Dulag (Durchgangslager) – a transit camp where captured aircrew were processed and interrogated before being sent to a permanent camp, sometimes the ailment/ disease admitted for, liberated prisoner of war interrogation questionnaires (1945-1946), nominal lists of prisoners of war (1943-1945), enquiries into missing personnel including PoWs (1940-1945), selected notifications of deaths (1939-1942), Merchant Navy prisoners of war (1939-1945). 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