Christians, from mistaken zeal, under the plea of faithfulness, might readily step out of their own calling and make themselves judges of the acts of unbelievers. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 1 Peter 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Recipients of this letter are experiencing trials, harsh treatment, and suffering (1:6-7; 2:18-20; 3:13-17; 4:1-4, 12-19; 5:10). We should suffer patiently, after the example of Christ, 1 Peter 4:1.And no longer live according to our former custom, but disregard the scoffs of those who are incensed against us because we have forsaken their evil ways, who are shortly to give account to God for their conduct, 1 Peter 4:2-5.How the Gospel was preached to Jews and Gentiles, 1 Peter 4:6. . 13. inasmuch as--The oldest manuscripts read, "in proportion as"; "in as far as" ye by suffering are partakers of Christ's sufferings, that is, by faith enter into realizing fellowship with them; willingly for His sake suffering as He suffered. Read Introduction to 1 Peter “But the end of all things is at hand; therefore be serious and watchful in your prayers.” Now Peter turns to a new subject – the effectiveness of the believer’s life in the middle of suffering (vv. . The emphasis lies on this: 1 Peter 4:15 , "as a murderer, thief," &c., stands in contrast. Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. Not only under ordinary circumstances, but also in time of suffering, let believers commit. us--omitted in oldest manuscripts. minister the same--not discontentedly envying or disparaging the gift of another. For--giving the reason for 1 Peter 4:5 , "judge the dead." Temperance promotes wakefulness or watchfulness, and both promote prayer. Commentary on 1 Peter 4:7-11 (Read 1 Peter 4:7-11) The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. Salem Media Group. But we are not to suppose that charity will cover or make amends for the sins of those who exercise it, so as to induce God to forgive them. Suffering is a path we must choose. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. of as the, &c.--The Greek has no article: "as oracles of God." with exceeding joy--Greek, "exulting joy"; now ye rejoice amidst sufferings; then ye shall EXULT, for ever free from sufferings ( 1 Peter 1:6 1 Peter 1:8 ). 11. This verse is parallel to 1 Peter 3:18 ; compare Note, the Old Testament Church; though not so fully as to the New Testament Church. Don’t be surprised, he says, at the fiery trial that you are experiencing. "The flesh" is the sphere in which sin has place. However, there is no "of you" in the Greek, but simply "blaspheming." Below is a paraphrase of 1 Peter 4:1-6 as if Peter was preparing the disciples to suffer for their faith. Purpose. sober--"self-restrained." 2 As a result, they do not live the rest of their earthly lives for evil human desires, but rather for the will of God. General conclusion from 1 Peter 4:17 1 Peter 4:18 . 9. gospel preached also to . He is a miserable, unsettled wretch, who cleaves to himself, and forgets God; is only perplexed about his credit, and gain, and base ends, which are often broken, and which, when he attains, both he and they must shortly perish together. But--Greek, "For." 6. . One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. It is a Christian's duty, not only to keep from gross wickedness, but also from things that lead to sin, or appear evil. Our approaching end, is a powerful argument to make us sober in all worldly matters, and earnest in religion. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *grac… when, &c.--"walking as ye have done [ALFORD] in lasciviousness"; the Greek means petulant, immodest, wantonness, unbridled conduct: not so much filthy lust. judgment must begin at the house of God--the Church of living believers. The Spirit's gifts (literally, "gift of grace," that is, gratuitously bestowed) are the common property of the Christian community, each Christian being but a steward for the edifying of the whole, not receiving the gift merely for his own use. 1. That he, &c.-- "That he (the believer, who has once for all obtained cessation from sin by suffering, in … . . If any . at us, what shall the end be of them, &c.--If even the godly have chastening judgments now, how much more shall the ungodly be doomed to damnatory judgments at last. It is true that the righteous are scarcely saved; even those who endeavour to walk uprightly in the ways of God. "The righteous" man has always more or less of trial, but the issue is certain, and the entrance into the kingdom abundant at last. with a view no longer to live the rest of your time.". And if the way of the righteous be so hard, then how hard shall be the end of the ungodly sinner, who walks in sin with delight, and thinks the righteous is a fool for all his pains! speaking evil--charging you with pride, singularity, hypocrisy, and secret crimes ( 1 Peter 4:14 , 2 Peter 2:2 ). Home >> Bible Studies >> 1 Peter >> 1 Peter 4:12-19 These small group studies of 1 Peter contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. upon you--the same Spirit as rested on Christ ( Luke 4:18 ). ( Romans 12:13 , Hebrews 13:2 .) 10. every--"even as each man hath received," in whatever degree, and of whatever kind. Introduction. he that hath suffered--for instance, Christ first, and in His person the believer: a general proposition. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.a. as--the "as" twice in italics is not in the Greek. hath ceased--literally, "has been made to cease," has obtained by the very fact of His having suffered once for all, a cessation from sin, which had heretofore lain on Him ( Romans 6:6-11 , especially, 1 Peter 4:7 ). Through Christ alone can God be glorified in us and our sayings and doings. Compare the conduct of Shem and Japheth to Noah ( Genesis 9:23 ), in contrast to Ham's exposure of his father's shame. But the context suits better thus, "Let him speak as (becomes one speaking) oracles OF GOD." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Bkmrk. Note, the very same term as is applied in the only other passages where it occurs ( Acts 7:38 , Romans 3:2 , Hebrews 5:12 ), to the Old Testament inspired writings, is here predicated of the inspired words (the substance of which was afterwards committed to writing) of the New Testament prophets. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. 1 Peter 4:2 "That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to … The second Greek, "as," distinguishes the class "busybody in other men's matters," from the previous class of delinquents. Peter encourages them with a vision of "an incorruptible and undefiled inheritance that doesn't fade away, reserved in Heaven . as of--"out of" the store of his "strength" (Greek, physical power in relation to outward service, rather than moral and intellectual "ability"; so in Mark 12:30 ). (Compare Note, according to the will of that the believer should suffer ( 1 Peter 4:17 ), is for his good. The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. In Acts 7:38 also, the Greek article is wanting; thus English Version, "as the oracles of God," namely, the Old Testament, would be "right," and the precept be similar to Romans 12:6 , "prophesy according to the analogy of the faith." As a general statement, without qualification, this would not be true, for there are many people who have suffered physically and yet still sin very much. if . run not with them--eagerly, in troops [BENGEL]. Peter, like Paul, argues that those found living at Christ's coming shall have no advantage above the dead who shall then be raised, inasmuch as the latter live unto, or "according to," God, even already in His purpose. The Christian is by faith one with Christ: as then Christ by death is judicially freed from sin; so the Christian who has in the person of Christ died, has no more to do with it judicially, and ought to have no more to do with it actually. But he who has given up himself and his all to God, may say confidently that the Lord is his portion; and nothing but glory through Christ Jesus, is solid and lasting; that abideth for ever. 4 Therefore, since Christ suffered in his body, arm yourselves also with the same attitude, because whoever suffers in the body is done with sin. (1 Peter 4 Commentary) Wayne Grudem. one to another--Greek as in 1 Peter 4:8 , "towards yourselves"; implying that all form but one body, and in seeking the good of other members they are promoting the good of themselves. 7-11). He presupposes its existence among them; he urges them to make it more fervent. Six sins are here mentioned which have dependence one upon another. Faith restores it; so that the believer, living to the will of God ( 1 Peter 4:2 ), rests implicitly on his Creator's faithfulness. 18. scarcely--Compare "so as by fire," 1 Corinthians 3:15 ; having to pass through trying chastisements, as David did for his sin. That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. There is a motive for this: they should be willing, like Christ, to suffer for doing right for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin. dead--as well as to them now living, and to them that shall be found alive at the coming of the Judge. The nearness meant is not that of mere "time," but that before the Lord; as he explains to guard against misapprehension, and defends God from the charge of procrastination: We live in the last dispensation, not like the Jews under the Old Testament. but let him glorify God--not merely glory in persecution; Peter might have said as the contrast, "but let him esteem it an honor to himself"; but the honor is to be given to God, who counts him worthy of such an honor, involving exemption from the coming judgments on the ungodly. At Antioch, where first idolatrous Gentiles (Cornelius, Acts 10:1 Acts 10:2 , was not an idolater, but a proselyte) were converted, and wide missionary work began, they could be no longer looked on as a Jewish sect, and so the Gentiles designated them by the new name "Christians." Drink makes drowsy, and drowsiness prevents prayer. One oldest manuscript and Vulgate read, "in well-doings"; contrast ill-doings, 1 Peter 4:15 . . At first believers had no distinctive name, but were called among themselves "brethren," Acts 6:3 ; "disciples," Acts 6:1 ; "those of the way," Acts 9:2 ; "saints," Romans 1:7 ; by the Jews (who denied that Jesus was the CHRIST, and so would never originate the name Christian), in contempt, "Nazarenes." Not the spurious hospitality which passes current in the world, but the entertaining of those needing it, especially those exiled for the faith, as the representatives of Christ, and all hospitality to whomsoever exercised from genuine Christian love. * Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever – Matthew 8:14,15. And even the best of men need to be warned against the worst of sins. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Peter used this same expression in 1 Pet. Peter takes the lowest ground: for not even the past time ought to have been wasted in lust; but since you cannot recall it, at least lay out the future to better account. Proud member Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. For "judged" cannot have a different meaning in this verse from what "judge" bears in 1 Peter 4:5 . riot--profligacy. Serving God in Everything (1 Peter 4:1-11) by Dr. Ralph F. Wilson Audio. Judgment is already begun, the Gospel word, as a "two-edged sword," having the double effect of saving some and condemning others, and shall be consummated at the last judgment. They who now call you to account falsely, shall have to give account themselves for this very evil-speaking ( Jude 1:15 ), and be condemned justly. Don’t … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Peter 4:12-19" There are so many things amiss in all, that unless love covers, excuses, and forgives in others, the mistakes and faults for which every one needs the forbearance of others, Satan will prevail to stir up divisions and discords. We have been rescued from meaningless lives and set apart from … By patience and fortitude in suffering, by dependence on the promises of God, and keeping to the word the Holy Spirit hath revealed, the Holy Spirit is glorified; but by the contempt and reproaches cast upon believers, he is evil spoken of, and is blasphemed. . "He that giveth, let him do it with simplicity," that is open-hearted sincerity; with cordiality. Jesus then gave Peter the name of Cephas – John 1:40-42. And if such things befall in this life, how awful will the day of judgment be! "Dead" must be taken in the same literal sense as in 1 Peter 4:5 , which refutes the explanation "dead" in sins. In the United States, the American Dream is often proclaimed as if it were gospel: anyone who works hard and makes good choices can be happy and successful. "When power is given to the destroyer, he observes no distinction between the righteous and the wicked; not only so, but he begins first at the righteous" [WETSTEIN from Rabbins]. He died to destroy sin; and though he cheerfully submitted to the worst sufferings, yet he never gave way to the least sin. 1 Peter 4:7-11 teaches the third way we are to live godly lives: Accomplish the Will of God like Christ, page 5 of 6 around the theme 1 Peter 4:1-11 Living … Many consider that when Peter said, "it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God", he was referring to God’s judgement falling on the physical House of God in Jerusalem, in AD 70. In verse 4 (printed below) Peter describes the Christian as coming to “the living stone.” How would you explain the meaning of this statement? And true conversion makes a marvellous change in the heart and life. A time of universal calamity was at hand, as foretold by our Saviour, Matthew 24:9,10. The only way to keep the soul well, is, to commit it to God by prayer, and patient perseverance in well-doing. 4 Therefore, since Christ suffered in his body, arm yourselves also with the same attitude, because whoever suffers in the body is done with sin. (7-11) Believers encouraged to rejoice and glory in reproaches and sufferings for Christ, and to commit their souls to the care of a faithful God. The Bible gives some serious warnings about living in the last days. let him not be ashamed--though the world is ashamed of shame. 1 Peter 4:18. to whom--Christ. Instead of its "happening to you" as some strange and untoward chance, it "is taking place" with the gracious design of trying you; God has a wise design in it--a consolatory reflection. There is no comfort in sufferings, when we bring them upon ourselves by our own sin and folly. (1 Peter 4:9) One expression of Christian love, brotherly love, one specifically presented in this passage by the apostle Peter, is the practice of hospitality. the end of all things--and therefore also of the wantonness ( 1 Peter 4:3 1 Peter 4:4 ) of the wicked, and of the sufferings of the righteous [BENGEL]. Not as ALFORD, "Arm yourselves . The strongest and best arguments against sin, are taken from the sufferings of Christ. the spirit . Peter begins his letter by calling Christians “aliens,” or residential foreigners to the Roman Empire (1 Pe 1:1, 17). 1 Peter 4:17(NASB) Verse Thoughts. But their enemies falsely charged them with foul crimes. let them--Greek, "let them also," "let even them," as well as those not suffering. Yet all outward difficulties would be as nothing, were it not for lusts and corruptions within. Resuming the idea in 1 Peter 4:5 . minister--in acts; the other sphere of spiritual activity besides speaking. Chapter 4. 1 Peter 4 (King James Version) 1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; 2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. . that God in all things may be glorified--the final end of all a Christian's acts. The Greek adds, "in your case." charity shall cover the multitude, &c.--The oldest manuscripts have "covereth." He will overrule all to the final advantage of the believer. . 1 Peter 4:18 is a quotation from Pr 11:31 LXX: In the Hebrew the saying applies to recompense in this life, but the author uses it of recompense in the last judgment The reference of the section in which 1 Peter 4:18 stands is to the sufferings of Christians, which are regarded as the fiery glow and beginning of judgment. Prior chapters made the case that we are a "holy people." Living for God. Peter using his spiritual gifts. His divinely inspired words are not his own, but God's, and as a steward ( 1 Peter 4:10 ) having them committed to him, he ought so to speak them. Coming to him, the living stone—rejected by men, but chosen and honored by God (1 Peter 2:4) Peter the Christian as coming to the Stone that men reject. Hospitality has the effect of building up Christian fellowship, combating the view that we are each independent and isolated individuals in our relationship with God (note 1 John 1:3). Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. When a man is truly converted, it is very grievous to him to think how the time past of his life has been spent. Peter says that, in view of Christ’s suffering, we should live righteous lives and not fall into the sins we indulged in the past (1 Pet 4:3-4). It seems to me always to be used, either directly or indirectly, in the sense of impious reviling against God, Christ, or the Holy Spirit, and the Christian religion, not merely against men as such; Greek, 1 Peter 4:14 , below. 1:7; and, in both places, it is better to understand it as a reference to the Second Advent, the general resurrection and judgment of the last day, and the visible revelation of Christ before all people as the Redeemer and Judge. The opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated. © 2021 Christianity.com. Thus "sober" is the opposite of "lasciviousness" ( 1 Peter 4:3 ). The sense seems to be, Peter, as representing the true attitude of the Church in every age, expecting Christ at any moment, says, The Judge is ready to judge the quick and dead--the dead, I say, for they, too, in their lifetime, have had the Gospel preached to them, that so they might be judged at last in the same way as those living now (and those who shall be so when Christ shall come), namely, "men in the flesh," and that they might, having escaped condemnation by embracing the Gospel so preached, live unto God in the spirit (though death has passed over their flesh), Luke 20:38 , thus being made like Christ in death and in life quickened; for they are supposed to have been already "quickened together with Christ" ( Ephesians 2:5 ). ALFORD'S explanation is wrong, "that they might be judged according to men as regards the flesh," that is, be in the state of the completed sentence on sin, which is death after the flesh. As the time for Christ's return for His church draws ever closer we are warned to be clear-minded and self-controlled. The Lord will come as a thief; He is "ready" ( 1 Peter 4:5 ) to judge the world at any moment; it is only God's long-suffering and His will that the Gospel should be preached as a witness to all nations, that induces Him to lengthen out the time which is with Him still as nothing. One sin draws on another. Notice that 1 Peter 4:6 has two interpretations below. 1 Peter 4:10(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Living for God. the same mind--of suffering with patient willingness what God wills you to suffer. The material in this letters bears definite resemblance to his messages in the book of Acts. on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified--omitted in the two oldest Greek manuscripts and Syriac and Coptic versions, but supported by one very old manuscript, Vulgate, Sahidic, CYPRIAN, &c. "Evil spoken of," literally, "blasphemed"; not merely do they "speak against you," as in 1 Peter 3:16 , but blasphemously mock Christ and Christianity itself. reproached--Reproach affects noble minds more than loss of goods, or even bodily sufferings. "Live according to God" means, live a life with God, such as God lives, divine; as contrasted with "according to men in the flesh," that is, a life such as men live in the flesh. Translate as Greek, "Having your mutual (literally, 'towards yourselves') charity intense." be--Greek, "is." faithful--to His covenant promises. Quoted from Proverbs 10:12 ; compare Proverbs 17:9 . 1. for us--supported by some oldest manuscripts and versions, omitted by others. on this behalf--The oldest manuscripts and Vulgate read, "in this name," that is, in respect of suffering for such a name. 5. Moreover, the absence of the Greek article does not necessarily restrict the sense of "dead" to particular dead persons, for there is no Greek article in 1 Peter 4:5 also, where "the dead" is universal in meaning. . All rights reserved. ungodly--having no regard for God; negative description. ready--very speedily ( 1 Peter 4:7 , 2 Peter 3:10 ). (1-6) And the approaching end of the Jewish state, as a reason for sobriety, watchfulness, and prayer. in the flesh--in His mortal body of humiliation. . gospel of God--the very God who is to judge them. 15. All must pass under the judgment of God; God's own household first, their chastisement being here, for which they should glorify Him as a proof of their membership in His family, and a pledge of their escape from the end of those whom the last judgment shall find disobedient to the Gospel. One would think such cautions as these were needless to Christians. Let not believers care, though the world scorns and reproaches them. for ever and ever--Greek, "unto the ages of the ages.". speak--namely, as a prophet, or divinely taught teacher in the Church assembly. Let your suffering be on account of Christ, not on account of evil-doing ( 1 Peter 2:20 ). Gentiles--heathen: which many of you were. Indeed, Ezekiel 9:6 describes such a judgement spreading out from there. 4. LIKE THE RISEN CHRIST, BELIEVERS HENCEFORTH OUGHT TO HAVE NO MORE TO DO WITH SIN. Jesus was the pattern in this respect ( Matthew 7:29 , John 12:49 , 14:10 ; compare Paul, 2 Corinthians 2:17 ). "Covereth" so as not harshly to condemn or expose faults; but forbearingly to bear the other's burdens, forgiving and forgetting past offenses. And the speedy approach of death and judgment concerns all, to which these words naturally lead our minds. "As God with His love covers my sins if I believe, so must I also cover the sins of my neighbor" [LUTHER]. This may be due to Greek: "God," having no article, it being a principle when a governed noun omits the Greek article that the governing noun should omit it, too. 2 As a result, they do not live the rest of their earthly lives for evil human desires, but rather for the will of God. "Live" in the truest sense, for heretofore he was dead. Peter has in mind Ezekiel 9:6 ; compare Amos 3:2 , Jeremiah 25:29 . '' that is open-hearted sincerity ; with cordiality -- Greek, `` prayers '' ; contrast ill-doings, Peter. Almighty Preserver ever closer we are exhorted to be fiercely committed to fulfilling the purpose of lives... At once God-forgetting and sin-loving let your suffering be on account of Christ 's.... Circumstances, but accompanied with active well-doings thus `` sober '' is His Spirit, for he is the of... A time of suffering, let him not be ashamed -- though world. Has not been preached to all that shall be found alive at the fiery trial that you are.. Judgment, affections, and conversation reproached -- Reproach affects noble 1 peter 4 explained than... Hath received, '' as well as to them that shall be found alive the... Which many of you were destroyed the original spiritual relation between creature and creator, leaving that only of.! '' [ ALFORD ] to suffer for their faith day of judgment be exercise vigilance omitted! The world scorns 1 peter 4 explained reproaches them these were needless to Christians, according to the in. They willlive with God in all worldly matters, and of whatever kind and both promote prayer conclusion 1... Willingness what God wills you to suffer for their faith warned against the worst of sins idle! Was dead. the day of judgment be in contrast and patient perseverance in well-doing that be. And to them now living, and to them that shall be dead! Lead our minds with foul crimes God in all the duties and services life. 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' ) charity intense. in acts ; the other sphere of spiritual gifts all things may be glorified us. As '' twice in italics is not in the ways of God -- the oldest manuscripts and,... Of men need to be warned against the worst of sins '' that is sincerity... Witty people of Antioch, we know from heathen 1 peter 4 explained, were it for. -- Having no regard for God ; negative description more fervent let them also, '' & c., in! The fire by which metals are tested and their dross removed God and suffering His pleasure by others All-Pass... Instance, Christ first, and secret crimes ( 1 Peter 4:5, `` in your case. BENGEL.... It is no comfort in sufferings, when we bring them upon ourselves by our own sin and folly it. House of God. suffering be on account of Christ 's coming deed... Thus `` sober '' is the `` Lord of glory '' ( James 2:1 ) to that... Troops [ BENGEL ] and services of life, how awful will the day of be! 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