So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple. As Henry said, "All that take upon them a profession of religion, undertake to build a tower. The first invitation (Luke 14:16) was the call of the Hebrews to be the chosen people and to receive the promises made to Abraham. It appears that the guest list was made up of all the prominent Pharisees, and few others. And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day? "This time the master of the house invites to his banquet the Gentiles. This renewal of the invitation (Luke 14:17) through Christ and his apostles was the final call of Israel to the feast of the kingdom of God. 1 It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him…. And he spake a parable unto those that were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief seats; saying unto them. BARNES, "It came to pass - It so happened or occurred. Loyalty to any other person or thing at the expense of loyalty to Christ constitutes idolatry. It is mischievous to those on whom it falls; and in its consequences so mischievous to others, that one would wonder any wise princes should ever have admitted it into their dominions, or that they should not have immediately banished it thence; for, even where it succeeds so far as to produce a change in men's forms of worship, it generally makes them no more than hypocritical professors of what they do not believe, which must undoubtedly debauch their characters; so that, having been villains in one respect, it is very probable that they will be so in another, and, having brought deceit and falsehood into their religion, that they will easily bring it into their conversation and commerce. And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel. 1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.. 2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.. 3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?. Christ used many of his illustrations on various occasions and for the purpose of making different points. 3 Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not? ) Luke 14:1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple. Whatever were accounted the most honorable seats, there was a vulgar scramble among the guests on that occasion, each man jockeying with others for the better places. Luke 14:2 And there in front of Him was a man suffering from dropsy.  Herschel H. Hobbs, An Exposition of the Gospel of Luke (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1966), p. 227. cit., p. 276. The cause of truth itself must, humanly speaking, be not only obstructed, but destroyed, should persecuting principles universally prevail. 1 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. Luke 14:25-33 Cost of discipleship Luke 14:34-35 The discarded salt Luke 15:1-10 Parable of lost & found Luke 15:11-32 Lost son restored Luke 16:1-8 The dishonest manager Luke 16:9-15 Some shrewd advice Luke 16:16-18 God's unchangeable law If the Sabbath be a festival, let it be observed unto the Lord; and let no unnecessary acts be done; and avoid that bane of religious solemnity, giving and receiving visits on the Lord's day. Luke 14:12-14. Luke 11:14-26 Discerning the Kingdom Luke 11:14-23 - Jesus Rejected as Beelzebul. And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed. ", Of course, all eyes were fixed upon Jesus; as the previous verse said, "They were watching him." Christ heals a man ill of the dropsy, on a Sabbath day. It will be updated to the new version soon.] Luke 2:1-7 is an account of the birth of Jesus. Constrain them ... is translated "compel them" in some versions; but only a moral and rational force is indicated. He means, simply, `In view of the life to come, thou canst do better still'. Giving great honor to those who are distinguished. Based upon the chemical fact that sodium chloride CANNOT lose its taste, that salt "(cannot) ever lose its peculiar pungency and power to hinder corruption," Bliss concluded that "no true subject of regenerating grace ever has or ever will become utterly void of new life. I would ask the advocate of wholesome severities, how he would relish his own arguments if turned upon himself? One main lesson is emphasized in these scriptures: the nature and influence of true discipleship. Luke’s second book, Acts, continues the story after Jesus went back to heaven. And the servant said, Lord, what thou didst command is done, and yet there is room. 2. man before him--not one of the company, since this was apparently before the guests sat down, and probably the man came in hope of a cure, though not expressly soliciting it [DE WETTE].. 7-11. a parable--showing that His design was not so much to inculcate mere politeness or … In prison, Paul says, ‘only Luke is with me’ (2 Timothy 4:11). 16 Jesus replied: "A certain man was preparing a great banquet and invited many guests. The men of Nineveh and the Queen of the South, separated by centuries of time, will nevertheless arise in judgment with the contemporary generation of Jesus (Matthew 12:41,42). International Bible Lessons Commentary. Or what king, as he goeth to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and take counsel whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand? Luke 12:14 - But He said to him, 'Man, who appointed Me a judge or arbitrator over you?' International Bible Lesson Commentary . These specific examples continue to show that John is not trying to … Spectators often entered the house to witness an eastern banquet"; but as Russell noted, "Other schemes of the Pharisees on like occasions make it very probable that the Pharisees had placed him there. " What Jesus did in the next paragraph strongly suggests what Jesus did to that great throng in Capernaum who had followed him after the miracle of feeding the five thousand; and what was that? In analyzing the Parable of the Great Supper (Luke 14:15-24), we must consider the two parables that precede it: the Parables of the Ambitious Guest (verses 7-11) and the Feast (verses 12-14).Although all three are spoken at the same time in the same house, Jesus describes three different occasions: a wedding, a feast, and a great supper.  H. Leo Boles, Commentary on Luke (Nashville: Gospel Advocate Company, 1940), p. 285. Luke 3:7-14 contains the specific call to repentance by John top certain individuals of the multitude who had come out to see him in the wilderness. We must carry our own cross (14:27). The great supper = God's kingdom, Many = the IsraelitesSIZE>MONO>. It is fit neither for the land nor for the dunghill; men cast it out. For a more detailed study of the salt metaphor, see my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 5:13. Mark had used the following teaching of Jesus for a purpose quite different from Luke’s and had situated the incident in a different context. EXEGESIS: LUKE 14:1-6. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. Every soul that contemplates the terms of discipleship as outlined here must fall on his knees and say, "Lord, I am a disciple; help me to be a disciple." "They simply enforce the one idea that it is folly to undertake a serious business (here, becoming a disciple of Christ), without counting the cost.. 2 There in front of him was a man suffering from abnormal swelling of his body. Jesus replies that the greatest is the one who welcomes a child in his name. He was a loyal friend. In the light of this, who is truly a disciple of Jesus? Therefore, the second of the twin parables strongly suggests that while counting the cost of following Jesus Christ, the soul would do well also to count the cost of becoming Christ's enemy! Strict and demanding as the conditions of true discipleship assuredly are, the rewards are abundantly sufficient to justify any and all sacrifices required in following the Lord Jesus Christ. LUKE 14 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Jesus at a Pharisee’s House 1 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. The simple meaning of this astounding declaration is that one, in order to be a disciple of Christ, must love him more than any other being, not even excluding self. Luke was a doctor (Colossians 4:14). The Lord had naturally included his host in the remarks addressed to the guests; but he reserved a very special word for the host himself. Men who would not were as worthless as tasteless salt. But when thou makest a feast, bid the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind. True religion imports an entire change of the heart, and it must be founded in the inward conviction of the mind, or it is impossible it should be, what yet it must be, a reasonable service. Let it be considered that all of the sobbing tides of human mortality converge in the abyss of the grave, that all of the strength, beauty, and glory of life are only for a moment, that only Christ has provided the remedy for sin, stabbed the gloom of death with eternal' light, planted the lilies of the resurrection upon the tomb, and arched every cemetery on earth with a rainbow of promise. Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and asketh conditions of peace.  Richard C. Trench, Notes on the Parables of Our Lord (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1953), p. 362. This Sunday Jesus begins his public ministry by proclaiming release (aphesis) to captives and the oppressed. Luke 2:8-20 is an account of the shepherds who first heard the good news of Jesus’ birth.The second section can be broken into two smaller parts as follows: 2:8-14 (the angels’ announcement) and 2:15-20 (the shepherds’ response). In the case of this last, a marriage did exempt the bridegroom from the war (Deuteronomy 24:5; 20:7), but not from a feast it was his duty to attend. The class book is suitable for teens and up.  H. Leo Boles, Commentary on Luke (Nashville: Gospel Advocate Company, 1940), p. 285. Went into the house of one of the rulers ... And they could not answer again unto these things. Luke simply tells us, “they were watching Him closely” (Luke 14:1, NASB). In Luke 14:5, it was love of property elevated over love of men; in Luke 14:7, it was pride and conceit elevated above humility; and here in these verses it was selfishness elevated above genuine hospitality. (2) They can look at the lives and achievements of others which exceed their own in excellence and glory. So therefore whosoever he be of you that renounceth not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple. Our Lord leaves those offices of humanity and courtesy as they were, and teaches a higher duty.". " Lamar believed that: All of the above softening of the impact of this passage would appear to be valid! For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. Luke 14:1-24.HEALING OF A DROPSICAL MAN, AND MANIFOLD TEACHINGS AT A SABBATH FEAST. They can do this in two ways: (1) They can consider the facts. He was often Paul’s companion in his travels. From all this we may learn that the Church which tolerates, encourages, and practises persecution, under the pretense of concern for the purity of the faith, and zeal for God's glory, is not the Church of Christ; and that no man can be of such a Church without endangering his salvation. Professing friendship and affection, he invited our blessed Lord to his table, merely that he might have a more favorable opportunity of watching his conduct, that he might accuse him, and take away his life. Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand? Let the man who will not follow Jesus consider that his refusal is a denial of the only hope of redemption. 1. Jesus at a Pharisee’s House. Now, it seems hard to believe that to be a truth which would naturally lead to the extirpation of truth in the world; or that a Divine religion should carry in its own bowels the principle of its own destruction. And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy. Luke 14:15-24 Commentary The Parable of the Great Banquet 15 When one of those at the table with him heard this, he said to Jesus, "Blessed are those who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God." II (Cincinnati, Ohio: Chase and Hall, 1877), p. 191. It should be noted that in Luke 14:8 preceding, Jesus begins with the postulate of being invited to a "marriage feast"; and since the feast where this admonition was spoken was not that kind of feast, it is not amiss to look for the analogy Jesus had in mind. Man's life is ephemeral; his days are few and full of trouble; at his best, man is above only a few of his contemporaries, and that only for a brief moment in time. Viewing land or proving oxen which had "already been purchased" cannot be looked upon as valid reasons for their refusal; and, in the case of the man with a bride, where was there ever a bride who would not have wished to attend a feast in the home of a rich man? How glorious a prize! In this parable, God's greatest gift, the salvation of the soul, appears in the analogy of an invitation to a great feast, the unspeakable tragedy being man's blind, foolish rejection of it. R. Allenson, Inc., 1950), p. 257. BARNES, "It came to pass - It so happened or occurred. 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