The term … Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 4:14—5:10" This very use of the word, and its explanation, we may find in Maximus Tyrius, in his description of health, Dissert. We must believe if we want to enter (2-3) III. The word “sacrifice” (which, as is the case with very many words in this chapter, is taken directly from the LXX.) He marks every rising thought, every budding desire; and such as these are supposed to be the creatures to which the apostle particularly refers, and which are called, in the preceding verse, the propensities and suggestions of the heart. as far as his human nature could bear affinity to ours; for, though he had a perfect human body and human soul, yet that body was perfectly tempered; it was free from all morbid action, and consequently from all irregular movements. The special feature is the verse to verse interpretation of the entire book of Hebrews. Hebrews 3:4, ESV: "(For every house is built by someone, but the builder of all things is God.)" Romans 14:12; : So then every one of us λογον δωσει, shall give an account of himself to God. Reader, watch and be sober. The prologue (1:1-4) presents Christ as God's full and final revelation, far surpassing the revelation given in the OT. See before. A visual summary of the book of Hebrews: hold onto Jesus, God's son and our great high priest (from Hebrews 4:14). Piercing — Quite through, and laying open.. Warning Against Neglecting Salvation. Promised Rest for God’s People. The word συγκεκραμενος, mixed, is peculiarly expressive; it is a metaphor taken from the nutrition of the human body by mixing the aliment taken into the stomach with the saliva and gastric juice, in consequence of which it is concocted, digested, reduced into chyle, which, absorbed by the lacteal vessels, and thrown into the blood, becomes the means of increasing and supporting the body, all the solids and fluids being thus generated; so that on this process, properly performed, depend (under God) strength, health, and life itself. Adapted from The Majestic Son: Reading Hebrews Today by Peter Adam (AIO: Sydney, 1992). See the note on the verb δοκειν, to seem, Luke 8:18; (note). (4:13) Earlier, the writer of Hebrews called attention to Jesus’ role as high priest. I hope it was not to serve a system, as some have since used it: "Some must go to heaven, for so is the doctrine of the decree; and there must be certain persons infallibly brought thither as a reward to Christ for his sufferings; and in this the will of man and free agency can have no part," etc, etc. The apostle shows that, although Joshua did bring the children of Israel into the promised land, yet this could not be the intended rest, because long after this time the Holy Spirit, by David, speaks of this rest; the apostle, therefore, concludes. Faith in the word preached, in reference to that God who sent it, is the grand means of its becoming the power of God to the salvation of the soul. He is the ruler of the heart, and can turn it where he pleases. Finally, he punishes in the most exemplary manner the insults offered to his Father and himself by infidels, unbelievers, and the wicked in general. See on Hebrews 3:1; (note), to which this verse seems immediately to refer. Buy The Complete Bible Summary … There will be no grace for such a soul (Hebrews 6:4-8; Hebrews 10:26-31). a propitiatory, the place where God and man are to meet. Seeing then that we have a great high priest - It is contended, and very properly, that the particle ουν, which we translate seeing, as if what followed was an immediate inference from what the apostle had been speaking, should be translated now; for the apostle, though he had before mentioned Christ as the High Priest of our profession, Hebrews 3:1, and as the High Priest who made reconciliation for the sins of the people, Hebrews 2:17, does not attempt to prove this in any of the preceding chapters, but now enters upon that point, and discusses it at great length to the end of chap. That there is a throne of grace, i.e. All the expressions in this view will receive an additional force, for nothing is more quick and living, more powerful and irresistible, sharp and piercing, than lightning. Bible > Summary > Hebrews 4 Hebrews Bible Book Summary. I understand it as including both. The Book of Hebrews In A Nutshell. Hebrews Summary by Jay Smith. The reason why they were not brought into the rest promised to them, Hebrews 4:2. He entered through the second veil into the holy of holies, where was the symbol of the majesty of God. He enlightens the soul, and calls it gently and efficaciously, when and how he wills. Hebrews 4. Faith, therefore, must be mixed with all that we hear, in order to make the word of God effectual to our salvation. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Outline: I. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. We translate the words, With whom we have to do; of which, though the phraseology is obsolete, yet the meaning is nearly the same. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] Hebrews 4 is the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. There, remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God - It was not. "And this mode of speech is exactly conformable to that of the Prophet Isaiah, Isaiah 55:10, Isaiah 55:11, where to the word of God, spoken by his prophets, the same kind of powers are attributed as those mentioned here by the apostle: For as the rain cometh down and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater; so shall my Word Be that Goeth Forth Out of My Mouth: it shall not return unto me void; but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. It is about the rewards which come once we have "rested from", or "completed" the works we are assigned (Hebrews 4:9–10). For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. Their minds had been debased by their Egyptian bondage, and they scarcely ever arose to a state of mental nobility. The theme of Hebrews is the absolute supremacy and sufficiency of Jesus Christ as revealer and as mediator of God's grace. Adapted from The Majestic Son: Reading Hebrews Today by Peter Adam (AIO: Sydney, 1992). Previous | Index | Next >> "THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS" Chapter Four Since many Israelites failed to enter their Canaan rest because of unbelief, the author says we should fear lest we come short of our promised rest: heaven (1-10).Diligence is also required, and the third of six warnings is given: a warning against disobedience in view of God’s living and powerful Word (11-13). Summary of Hebrews 5 See also Schoettgen. For the word of God — Preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3.. Is living and powerful — Attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers.. The Word is A Sword by C H Spurgeon (This is a summary in the Biblical Illustrator from his sermon on Hebrews 4:12 entitled The Word a Sword). A promise of rest remains (1) II. Without these there can be no religion; return therefore to us, who have the perfect temple service appointed - by God." Those who restrain the word rest to the signification of eternal glory, say, that ceasing from our own works relates to the sufferings, tribulations, afflictions, etc., of this life; as in Revelation 14:13. See Hebrews 2:18, and the note there. Hebrews 4 offers true Sabbath rest for the people of God through faith in Christ. The reason why they were not brought into the rest promised to them, Hebrews 4:2. And instead of εισερχομεθα γαρ, for we do enter, AC, several others, with the Vulgate and Coptic, read εισερχωμεθα ουν, therefore let us enter; and thus it answers to φωβηθωμεν ουν, therefore let us fear, Hebrews 4:1; but this reading cannot well stand unless οι πιστευσαντες be omitted, which is acknowledged to be genuine by every MS. and version of note and importance. How many have felt this property of God's word where it has been faithfully preached! They might have persevered; so may we: they disbelieved, disobeyed, and fell: and so may we. Jesus is our sympathetic High Priest, Hebrews 4:15. Hebrews 4:1-10 Inductive Bible Study Notes and Discussion Questions. This is true, whether we understand the rest as referring to Gospel blessings, or to eternal felicity, or to both. In Dr. Dodd's collections we find the following: -. The words επει ουν απολειπεται τινας εισελθειν εις αυτην, literally translated, are as follows: Seeing then it remaineth for some to enter into it; or, Whereas therefore it remaineth that some enter into it, which is Dr. Owen's translation, and they to whom it was first preached (οἱ προτερον ευαγγελισθεντες, they to whom the promise was given; they who first received the good tidings; i.e., the Israelites, to whom was given the promise of entering into the rest of Canaan) did not enter in because of their unbelief; and the promise still continued to be repeated even in the days of David; therefore, some other rest must be intended. They spoke evil of the pleasant land, and did not give credence to his word. He left his disciples by ascending up through the visible heavens, the clouds, as a veil, screening him from their sight. HEB 4:1 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. How often has it happened that a man has seen the whole of his own character, and some of the most private transactions of his life, held up as it were to public view by the preacher; and yet the parties absolutely unknown to each other! Hallelujah! Some have thought that by the expression before us is implied that the word of God is able to bring death, as in the case of Ananias and Sapphira; for, say they, if the soul and spirit, or the joints and marrow are separated one from another, it is impossible that life can remain. Analysis Hebrews begins by announcing that the God who spoke in many and various ways through the prophets has now spoken in a … But this is a rest differing from the seventh day's rest, or Sabbath, which was the original type of Canaan, the blessings of the Gospel, and eternal glory; seeing God said, concerning the unbelieving Israelites in the wilderness, I have sworn in my wrath that they shall not enter into my rest, notwithstanding the works of creation were finished, and the seventh day's rest was instituted from the foundation of the world; consequently the Israelites had entered into that rest before the oath was sworn. It is not likely that he who does not credit a threatening, when he comes to hear it, will be deterred by it from repeating the sin against which it is levelled; nor can he derive comfort from a promise who does not believe it as a pledge of God's veracity and goodness. See 1 Thessalonians 5:23. Moses and the elders spoke the word of God plainly and forcibly to them: Christ and his apostles have done the same to us. (4) Marriage is honourable in all. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Hebrew Bible” by Unknown. The principal are on the word συγκεκραμενος, mixed; which in the common text refers to ὁ λογος, the word mixed; but, in ABCD and several others, it is συγκεκραμενους, referring to, and agreeing with, εκεινους, and may be thus translated: The word of hearing did not profit them, they not being mixed with those who heard it by faith. Hebrews 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. Hebrews 4. Aaron and his successors could only pass into the holy of holies, and that once a year; but our High Priest has passed into the heavens, of which that was only the type. 4 Therefore, since a promise of entering into his rest remains, let us be on guard* for fear someone among you seems to fall short of it.+ 2 For we have also had the good news declared to us,+ just as they had; but the word that they heard did not benefit them, because they were not united by faith with those who listened. There are two words in this chapter which we indifferently translate rest, καταπαυσις and σαββατισμος· he first signifying a cessation from labor, so that the weary body is rested and refreshed; the second meaning, not only a rest from labor, but a religious rest; sabbatismus, a rest of a sacred kind, of which both soul and body partake. There will be no grace for such a soul (Hebrews 6:4-8; Hebrews 10:26-31). Hebrews 4:1-11 has been used, on one hand, to support the observance of the Sabbath commandment by Christians; and on the other hand, as evidence for the rejection of a literal obedience to the commandment. Three things the apostle professes to prove in this epistle: -. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] He has not been able to find more than two texts which even appeared to look his way. Hebrews 4 - NIV: Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. Key to our ability to complete our work is the Word of God, specifically the written Scriptures (Hebrews 4:12). Jesus, our High Priest. Verses 12-13 in their context form a postscript to the argument of 3:7 – 4:11, providing extra motivation for the exhortation of 4:11. The book of Hebrews was written to Jews who had converted to Christianity and emphasizes the superiority of Grace over the Law. Buy The Complete Bible Summary … Theodoret has the same in his comment, and one Syriac version has it in the text. This is the sum of what this very able commentator says on the subject. Hebrews 4:2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth. 4:1-5) "Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it" (Hebrews 4:1). Because Jesus is sympathetic to the human experience, we can boldly draw near to grace. What the apostle had said before, relative to the rest, might be considered as an allegory; here he explains and applies that allegory, showing that Canaan was a type of the grand privileges of the Gospel of Christ, and of the glorious eternity to which they lead. Basically, God created the world and then made an agreement with the people living in it: if they put their faith in him, he would be their God. Come short - The verb ὑστερειν is applied here metaphorically; it is an allusion, of which there are many in this epistle, to the races in the Grecian games: he that came short was he who was any distance, no matter how small, behind the winner. Hebrews 4:1-10. It was a pretty sweet deal, but things weren't working out so well. Dr. Owen has endeavored to prove the contrary, but I believe to no man's conviction who was able to examine and judge of the subject. The second is, Acts 20:32; : I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace; where nothing but the gracious doctrine of salvation by faith, the influence of the Divine Spirit, etc., etc., can be meant: nor is there any legitimate mode of construction with which I am acquainted, by which the words in either place can be personally applied to our Lord. Hebrews 4:14-16: "Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. However, they also make sense on their own, and verse 12 is widely quoted by itself. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] (Hebrews 4:11) They then speak again of Jesus, saying that he is the high priest who is able to "sympathize with our weaknesses." 2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. That calling thus we shall infallibly get what we want; for in Christ Jesus, as a sacrificial offering, God is ever well pleased; and he is also well pleased with all who take refuge in the atonement which he has made. Grace is that by which the soul is supported after it has received this mercy, and by which it is purified from all unrighteousness, and upheld in all trials and difficulties, and enabled to prove faithful unto death. 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. "See how this mighty champion (martial ram) is drawn by the neck by a common girl." 1 Therefore, since the promise that we can enter into rest is still open, let’s be careful so that none of you will appear to miss it. Hebrews 4:1-10. 2 For since a the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and b every transgression or disobedience received a just c retribution, 3 d how shall we escape if we e neglect such a great salvation? The meaning appears to be this: We Jews, who have believed in Christ, do actually possess that rest-state of happiness in God, produced by peace of conscience and joy in the Holy Ghost - which was typified by the happiness and comfort to be enjoyed by the believing Hebrews, in the possession of the promised land. They must have known that the יהושע Yehoshua of the Hebrew, which we write Joshua, is everywhere rendered Ιησους, Jesus, by the Septuagint; and it is their reading which the apostle follows. Hebrews 3:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 3:4, NIV: "For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything." 2 For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, [] not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. That we must feel our spiritual necessities, in order to our calling with fervency and earnestness. True Sabbath rest does not come from adhering to the law or taking a break from work one day of the week. Phocylides has an expression very similar to our author, where he says, of reason, 'that it is a weapon which penetrates deeper into a man than a sword.' (3:1) After having discussed the necessity of maintaining faith in God’s promise about entering his rest, he again directed attention to Christ and how believers should be affected by his functioning as their high priest. He took our flesh and blood, a human body and a human soul, and lived a human life. 2 We also had the good news preached to us, just as the Israelites did. There is no break in the argument in Psalm 95 that the author began in chapter three. By this sword the man himself lives, and by it he destroys his enemies. (Hebrews 4:12) xxv. Neither is there any creature that is not manifest - God, from whom this word comes, and by whom it has all its efficacy, is infinitely wise. By spirit is meant a superior power by which we prefer future things to present, by which we are directed to pursue truth and right above all things, and even to despise what is agreeable to our present state, if it stand in competition with, or is prejudicial to, our future happiness. Hebrews 1:1-4 – God Speaks by Means of the Son Summary The same God who spoke through Israel's prophets speaks by means of Jesus the Son. The word βονθεια is properly rendered assistance, help, or support; but it is an assistance in consequence of the earnest cry of the person in distress, for the word signifies to run at the cry, θειν εις βοην, or επι βοην θειν . The Bible isn’t a collection of merely old stories and myths. A promise of rest remains (1) II. Let us therefore fear - Seeing the Israelites lost the rest of Canaan, through obstinacy and unbelief, let us be afraid lest we come short of the heavenly rest, through the same cause. This chapter points us back to Eden, where Adam spent his first day of life, resting in God's completed work. The Book of Hebrews In A Nutshell. This rest for God's people is what was promised throughout the entire Old Testament. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet was without sin. the whole system of mundane things, begun and perfected; and this appears to be the sense of the expression in this place. Should seem to come short of it - Lest any of us should actually come short of it; i.e. But all things are naked and opened - Παντα δε γυμνα και τετραχηλισμενα . Hebrews Chapter 4: Entering God’s Rest. See 2 Corinthians 10:4; 1 Thessalonians 2:13. Hebrews 4:14-16 – Jesus Christ Is Our Great High Priest Summary Jesus acts as a high priest, but one who understands human weaknesses. (1-10) Arguments and motives to faith and hope in our approaches to God. In all these respects he was different from us; and cannot, as man, sympathize with us in any feelings of this kind: but, as God, he has provided support for the body under all its trials and infirmities, and for the soul he has provided an atonement and purifying sacrifice; so that he cleanses the heart from all unrighteousness, and fills the soul with his Holy Spirit, and makes it his own temple and continual habitation. See the notes on Genesis 2:1, etc., and See here Hebrews 2:6; (note). He well knew how to construct his word, so as to suit it to the state of all hearts; and he has given it that infinite fullness of meaning, so as to suit it to all cases. Hebrews 4 (King James Version) 1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. Listening to the Gospel . It remaineth that some must enter therein - Why our translators put in the word must here I cannot even conjecture. Be not slothful to go, and to enter to possess the land; for God hath given it into your hands; a place where there is no want of any thing that is in the earth; Judges 18:9, Judges 18:10. Compare Isaiah 51:6; Isaiah 55:11; 1 Esdras 4:38; John 3:34; 1 Peter 1:23. Hebrews 4 offers true Sabbath rest for the people of God through faith in Christ. The day or time of rest relative to the ancient Jews being over and past, and a long time having elapsed between God's displeasure shown to the disobedient Jews in the wilderness and the days of David, and the true rest not having been enjoyed, God in his mercy has instituted another day - has given another dispensation of mercy and goodness by Christ Jesus; and now it may be said, as formerly, To-day, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. Hebrews Chapter 8 talks about Jesus being the high priest of the new covenant. Through him we have confidence to come to God, Hebrews 4:16. Hebrews 4:12 "For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." And sharper than any two-edged sword; τομωτερος ὑπερ, more cutting than. It was written mainly to the Hebrew believers. See Hammond, Whitby, Sykes, and Pierce. If this idea be admitted, the meaning of the last clause in this verse will be, 'That the word of God is a judge, to censure and punish the evil thoughts and intents of the heart.' That this high priest is Jesus, the Son of God; not a son or descendant of Aaron, nor coming in that way, but in a more transcendent line. We are to call for mercy and grace when we need them; and we are to expect to receive them when we call. (1 Peter 2:2, 1 Corinthians 2:1-5) c. Is living and powerful: Understanding this spiritual nature of the Bible, the writer to the Hebrews could confidently write this. clears the way for human beings to approach the Father in heaven through prayer A description of the word of God, Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews 4:13. The reason why they were not brought into the rest promised to them, Hebrews 4:2. This is the meaning of the apostle, who never supposed that a man might not make final shipwreck of faith and of a good conscience, as long as he was in a state of probation. He passed through the veil into the holy place, and was not seen even by the priests. Will it avail any of us how near we get to heaven, if the door be shut before we arrive? That this propitiatory or mercy-seat is sprinkled with the atoning blood of that Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world. Exegete the passage; 4:1 is introduced by oun, “Therefore,” indicating a conclusion based on the preceding verse. Hath ceased from his own works - No longer depends on the observance of Mosaic rites and ceremonies for his justification and final happiness. But they were dastardly through all their generations. 1 God’s promise of entering his rest still stands, so we ought to tremble with fear that some of you might fail to experience it. And this brings the matter home to the exhortation with which our author began, Hebrews 3:12, Hebrews 3:13; for under whatever disguise they might conceal themselves, yet, from such tremendous judgments as God executed upon their fathers, they might learn to judge as Moses did, Numbers 32:23; : If ye will not do so, ye have sinned against the Lord; and be sure your sin will find you out." Hebrews Chapter 4: Entering God’s Rest. If this is true of him, how much more is it true for all believers. Every genuine minister of the Gospel has witnessed such effects as these under his ministry in repeated instances. Download the PDF version here.Download Jesus is the Faithful High Priest who is superior to the law of Moses and sits higher than the angels. God’s rest: what is it?. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. HEB 4:1 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. And find grace - Mercy refers to the pardon of sin, and being brought into the favor of God. One MS., merely to prevent the wrong application of the name, has Ιησους ὁ του Ναυη, Jesus the son of Nave. Nor can even the words and doctrine of God produce any effect but as directed by the experienced teacher, and applied by the Spirit of God. Hebrew Bible Summary. 4. ÷HEBREWS 4:1-13. 4 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, () let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. Commentary on Hebrews 4:1-10 (Read Hebrews 4:1-10) The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. There is an allusion here to the high priest going into the holy of holies on the great day of atonement. [This is Week 3 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] But some suppose that it refers to the custom of dragging them by the neck.