Brigades close to top Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani announced the formation of a mobilization force affiliated with the chief of staff of the Iraqi armed forces, rather than Iran. MOBILE VIEW A picture of Iraq's top Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani is seen at a shop in a market in the capital Baghdad, Iraq, Jan. 18, 2020. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Although he served as the spiritual leader of Iraq’s Shiʿi community, Sistani also commanded the respect of Sunni Arabs and Kurds. Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned later that month, and the parliament passed an electoral reform in December. Sayyid Ali Husayni al-Sistani (born 4 August 1930), also known as Ayatollah Sistani or al-Sistani, is one of the most powerful and influential Iranian Twelver Shia marja in Iraq and the head of many of the hawzahs (seminaries) in Najaf. Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, born 4 August 1930, the most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, where the population is about 60 percent Shiite. By Track Persia. Hassan Rouhani’s trip to Iraq was discussed from various angles by observers, but few noticed that he did not carry any greetings from Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei to the highest religious leader of Shiites, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani … By Track Persia. Ayatollah Sistani: What is Makrooh whilst fasting? The reclusive, Iranian-born wields great influence over Iraq’s future. This means the reclusive, Iranian-born 73-year-old wields a tremendous degree of influence over the nation's future. Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani? Mr Sistani champions the separation of mosque and state. Shiite factions close to Sistani move to separate from Iran-backed militias. Sistani’s sermon was a riposte, designed to set Khamenei right. Grand Ayatollah al-Sistani "was born in Mashhad, a city in northwest Iran that is home to the country's most sacred Shiite shrine.". AIM Editor May 30, 2017 Questions & Answers 8,846 Views. August 1930 in Maschhad, Iran) ist der bedeutendste schiitische Geistliche im heutigen Irak. His father was Sayyid Muhammad Baqir, the son of Sayyid Ali al-Husayni al-Sistani (may God have mercy on them). Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini became the supreme religious leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, following many years of resistance to Shah Pahlavi. Did you know that Sayyid Sistani used to listen to Imam Khomeini speeches in secret during Saddam’s time? They say he has a calm, content, and patient personality. Unlike Khamenei, Ayatollah Ali Sistani believes in the separation of religion from state and his position has been a key element that fostered a relative peace among various Iraqi groups some of which are loyal to the Islamic Republic and follow Khamenei's ideological lead. Ayatollah Sistani is one of the top living scholars of Shia Islam. As Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani ages, a struggle to succeed him has begun, putting the spiritual leadership of one of the world's foremost faiths in play. Here’s a look at the life of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Iraq’s most influential Shiite cleric.. The Chief Ayatollah of Iraq is Ali al-Husayni al-Sistani. Ali Husseini al-Sistani (en arabe : السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني, en persan : سید علی حسینی سیستانی) est un ayatollah iranien né le 4 août 1930 à Mashhad, en Iran. Most of the people who have known His Eminence Sayyid al-Sistani and have spent time with him have noted that, since his youth, he was a quiet person who spent most of his time in meditation and reflection. MOBILE VIEW Sunni volunteers, who have joined the Abbas Combat Division, shout slogans after a field training in Kerbala, Iraq, Dec. 20, 2017. Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani is the prime marja, or spiritual reference, for Shia Muslims everywhere. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ali-al-Sistani, Council on Foreign Relations - Biography of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Official Site of Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-Sistani. MOBILE VIEW. Clerics should advise, he says, not rule. Biography of Ayatollah Sayed Ali Sistani English. He is the most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, where the population is about 60 percent Shiite. Qom’s only advantage is its political sway, which it acquired just forty years ago when Ayatollah Rouhollah Khomeini overthrew the monarchy and appointed himself as the all-powerful leader of the first Shiite clergy-run state in history. In some cases his credibility outweighed that of not only U.S. and United Nations diplomatic envoys but even the interim government of Prime Minister Ayād ʿAllāwī: his strong and moderating influence among the Iraqi populace as a whole earned him the respect of U.S. diplomats and Iraqi leaders, who deferred to many of his wishes. In November 2019, after the Iraqi government responded with violence to widespread demonstrations over corruption and poor services, Sistani called for the resignation of the government, electoral reform, and early elections. Al-Sistani est une personnalité politique influente en Irak depuis le renversement du gouvernement de Saddam Hussein. Ayatollah Sistani then began to perform the prayers at the niche of Ayatollah Khou’i, and started studying in his school. Updates? Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani? to Sistani’s tolerance and respect for the freedom of thought and debate, Najaf, as a religious center, is wit-nessing the most tolerant era in its entire history. He is the most influential person in Iraq, and he also has a large following around the … Elected Iran’s supreme leader in June 1989 by the Assembly of Experts, Ayatollah Khamenei serves as the head of state and commander-in-chief of Iran’s armed forces. In August 2004 Sistani traveled to Britain to undergo medical treatment and surgery for a worsening heart condition. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, a nation that is 60 percent Shiite. Who's who in Iraq: Ayatollah Sistani Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani is the prime marja, or spiritual reference, for Shia Muslims everywhere. In reply to a question about fasting in the Month of Ramadan in the shadow of the Coronavirus outbreak, the Grand Ayatollah Sistani emphasized that fasting as an individual duty is Wajib, and whoever has the conditions it is obligatory to fast regardless of it being Wajib for others or not. The 2010s saw a number of crises that returned Sistani to the position of a political arbiter. The reclusive cleric left Najaf for the first time in years for heart surgery He is one of only five living grand ayatollahs and the most senior Shia cleric in Iraq. In Al-Najaf, Sistani was devoted to ensuring power for a Shiʿi majority in his adopted country, which had been led by a Sunni minority for centuries. His asceticism is apparent from his food, clothing, and residence. Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani? Unlike the polarizing Sadr, Sistani is widely regarded in Iraq as a reconciler. 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