Enemy Counter Action Front line activists directly stop fossil fuels. The object of military training is to make any recruit of whatever calibre into a reasonably good soldier, so that it is based on the lowest common denominator. ensuring the cohesion of his guerillas, while the former supplies to the partnership the technical knowledge necessary for the most effective direction and co-ordination of the guerillasâ operations. (b) Never undertake an operation unless certain of success owing to careful planning and good information. (a) The provision of special weapons and destructive devices for use by guerillas. A few rounds spent on perfecting shooting, and testing of rifles will be amply repaid. Modern large-sized armies, entirely dependent as they are on the regular delivery of supplies, munitions, petrol, etc., for their operations, present a particularly favorable opportunity for guerilla warfare, directed against their communications by road, rail or water, and against their system of internal postal and telegraph communications. It will be incumbent on leaders within their own arenas to arrange adequate means for the collection of information and their own ingenuity will produce many devices, such as messages left in clefts of trees, in stone walls, in culverts, etc. (e) Confine all movements as much as possible to the hours of darkness. 82. in the area where guerilla bands are to operateâcontact and direction are easier, co-ordination of plans simplified, and âThe Chiefâsâ presence must have a stimulating effect on the partisans. In addition, areas which offer good opportunities for concealment are usually just those areas where the maintenance and supply of large guerilla forces becomes difficult. Telescopic sights are invaluable for snipers. It is valueless and dangerous prematurely to organize partisan bands, acting independently as they normally should, into platoons, companies, squadrons, etc. These circumstances are extremely favorable for the collection of information by the local populace acting as agents. There are two main points in this connection to bear in mind: #24. Even in Asiatic and North African countries, the presence of hostile aircraft will make this difficult. We must stop fossil fuels to defend those you love. We must use hit and run tactics to trigger cascading failure. The central authority must, and perforce will be, some man of prestige and weight who has been a leading personality in the territory in time of peace, as the leader either of some powerful association or league or minority. To retain the initiative conferring these advantages demands a ceaseless activity, so that the enemy is prevented from getting in his blow by the constantly recurring necessity of parrying those aimed at him. Conclusion. The geographical study of a territory is concerned with two factors: ETC. Break off the action when it becomes too risky to continue. The more broken and forested it is, the more suitable will it be. The Art of Guerrilla Warfare: #BlackLivesMatter by J.J. Tucker, Kevin A. Williams. In war, there are no rules, there are no laws. Leaders of local partisan bands will be selected from those of standing or mark in the locality who possess the necessary attributes of personality. Guerilla actions will usually take place at point blank range as the result of an ambush or raid, with the object of inflicting the maximum amount of damage in a short time and then getting away. 26. We can all provide loyalty and material support to those doing the necessary work. Against action by the enemy, other than a military nature, every step must be taken to render it inoperative. When guerilla operations commence, on whatever scale, the enemy will institute counter-measures, of which one important aspect will be intelligence. It may well be, however, that, in the early days of the war, guerilla activities must, owing to the enemyâs strength and to lack of support of the local population, be limited to acts of sabotage. (a) Machine Guns, etc. For further details, see the Partisan Leaderâs Handbook. 11. As frontiers frequently rest on natural boundaries such as mountains, large rivers, etc., which form good area for guerilla activities, such men will be of immense value as the nuclei of partisan bands. For this purpose it is often better to use women and children who are are less suspect and probably enjoy greater immunity from search. They must in fact be prepared, at the risk of future regrets and disillusion, to identify themselves in every way with the people they are to serve. The superior mobility, however, is not absolute, but relativeâi.e. These operations range over an unlimited field according to local circumstances. Given the leadership, the courage, the arms and the preparation, however, there is one thing remaining that they cannot break, and that is the spirit of the people whose territory has been over-run, a spirit expressing itself in uncompromising and steadfast resistance to defeat and in a ruthless and uncompromising warfare of partisans until the enemy is forced to cry âHalt!â and depart. Guerillas on the contrary will usually be recruited from men who have a natural aptitude or a fondness for fighting, who are accustomed to the use of weapons, to hard sleep, to movement in the dark, etc. Maximize personal & organizational effectiveness. Modern developments, particularly in aircraft, mechanized forces and wireless, have profound influences on guerrilla warfare, enabling the enemy rapidly to concentrate in opposition to any moves of guerrillas that have been discovered. 46. 65. 22. Careful target selection of specific infrastructure is necessary. It must be clearly realized therefore that in most European countries, except for large areas in the east and southeast, conditions will rarely at the commencement of a campaign be suitable for the employment of guerillas in large masses. The wider the guerilla movement spreads, and the closer that its organization must ultimately in that case become, the greater will be the need for a leaven of regular officers to carry out the basic work of simple staff duties, and to effect liaison with the regular forces. (a) Where the population, except for numerically insignificant minorities, supports the hostile power. 3. : These are very blind when forced by fire to close down their screens; both are very susceptible to ground. Special efforts must therefore be made to equip each band with a percentage of these guns. 71. Methods and Principles 16. Assistant-chiefs may again appoint sub-chiefs under them, according to the size of the regions for which they are responsible and the number of bands they contain. The Art of Guerrilla Warfare looks at warfare from many different points of view such as - political, moral, economic, and psychological. ease of detection, uncertainty, etc., and the greatest care must be observed in their use. The pamphlet provided guidance to resistance forces behind enemy lines in occupied Europe, to â¦ The type of guerrilla warfare that can be carried out in any particular territory is dependent on the local conditions at the time, as explained later. Further, it must be remembered that the enemy will institute counter-measures as soon as guerilla activities against him commence. It may well be that among a group of two or more allied powers, one power by its wealth, its strategic position, its military experience or its initiative is in a position to encourage and assist the others in these preparations. Front line activists directly stop fossil fuels. The guerrillas must impress on the people the vital necessity of withholding from the enemy all information about them however harmless it may seem; the people must be convinced that their refusal to cooperate with the enemy in this respect is of the greatest importance for the redemption of their country from the enemy’s grasp, and for the safety of their friends and relatives. $5.99: $6.74: The enemy will usually be in a country where the population is largely hostile, so that the people will actively co-operate in providing information for the guerillas and withholding it from the enemy. This territory usually comprises the enemyâs home country and that of his allied and associate powers. The object must be to strike hard and disappear before the enemy can recover and strike back. What is lost, however, is the close touch with the active agents of the guerrilla campaign, and the inspiration which only the presence of the âThe Chiefâ in their midst can really arouse. Concealment from aircraft is of the greatest importance, and people must be trained to take cover quickly, to lie face downwards, and to remain absolutely still until the aeroplane has passed. This directly inspired the development of modern guerrilla warfare. Security culture is more important than any technical tools. These are the nine points of the guerillaâs creed. "The Art of Guerrilla Warfare is a must read for anyone interested in military strategy." (c) The operations of large guerilla forces, whose strength necessitates a certain degree of military organization in order to secure their cohesion and to make and carry out effectively a plan of campaign. There must be a strict firewall between those working aboveground and those underground. We must use our limited resources to target critical infrastructure and systems. For these devices knowledge of electrical equipment is of great value; leaders must therefore endeavor to include in their bands a few men with this experience; if they do not exist, suitable men must be trained. Its elimination depends primarily on the skill with which the campaign is carried out. The actual placing of these devices, and even their firing, can often be carried out in emergency by untrained personnel, but the risks of inefficacy and failure are great and should not be run for want of a little time spent in training. Against this contingency close watch must be set, and wherever proof is obtained of such perfidy, the traitor must be killed without hesitation or delay. THE ART OF GUERILLA WARFARE. Further, the maintenance of these large armies necessitates the establishment of dumps and stocks of supplies, munitions, etc. Using guerrilla methods, me and Anna drag small groups of bad guys with my troops (FedInf) set up in ambush on a hill top, I go in get their attention and the small bad guy groups come out and wala, we do not have to go in to get any number maybe 1 to 3 'surviviors'. We must use a cascading failure strategy to disrupt a fragile technological system. Guerillas themselves must be trained to give away no information if captured. Climate change is wreaking devastation now, and will get much worse. âThe Chiefâ, or Military Mission or Guerilla Bureau 47. They will then hold themselves in readiness to commence action under their leader the moment the order is given. Where such provision cannot be made beforehand, an organization must be immediately created for the running of weapons and explosives from neutral or friendly countries, and plans must be worked out and put in hand for the seizure of hostile stocks by local guerillas. We can all provide loyalty and material support to those doing the necessary work. The two arguments above overwhelmingly support this policy. (b) Never undertake an operation unless certain of success owing to careful planning and good information. At once, the guerrillas would begin to be dependent on communications, a situation cramping their mobility and exactly opposed to the characteristic which constitutes their chief military value. Such action will include the institution of curfew hours, of a system of visas and cartes dÃdentitÃ©, of traffic regulations, of restriction on the use of motor transport, etc. They must be warned never to discuss the activities of the guerrillas in any circumstances whatever. (i) When the time for action comes, act with the greatest boldness and audacity. 64. The object of such study is to determine the possibilities of guerilla warfare on the flanks of, but more particularly behind, the advancing hostile armies, and to make the necessary arrangements in peace before the emergency arises. civil postal service, telephone, telegraphs, etc., as any code and ciphers used by guerillas must of necessity be simple or only infrequently changed, and their solution by the enemy will not be a difficult task. The guerillas must therefore impress on the people the vital necessity of withholding form the enemy all information about them however harmless it may seem; the people must be convinced that their refusal to co-operate with the enemy in this respect is of the greatest importance for the redemption of their country from the enemyâs grasp, and for the safety of their friends and relatives. When operating behind the enemyâs lines, the maintenance of supplies form outside will be a matter of the very greatest difficulty, frequently impossible; it is most important therefore that every opportunity to seize arms and ammunition from the enemy should be grasped. This reaction of the enemy is however purely defensive. Where conditions are unsuitable to large-scale operations, the action of partisan bands should be supported by that of saboteurs. Skip to main content.sg. 70. #16. Although the original approâ¦ #42. arms, ammunition, etc. 28. âThe Chiefâ may be either an individual of the country concerned located with his small staff in the area of guerilla activities, or a section of the General Staff (Intelligence Branch) of the Army concerned, and located at its General Headquarters, or even a military mission from a third party located either at the General Headquarters of one of the armies in the field or some other more suitable place. The first effect on the enemy of the institution of guerilla warfare will be to compel him to strengthen all posts, guards, detachments, etc., and to carry out all movements in convoy, even if only of a routine nature. (c) Ensure that a secure line of retreat is always available. 41. In their normally superior facilities for obtaining information, guerillas have a factor in their favor of which the fullest advantage must be taken in order to counteract the enemyâs superior armament and equipment. An enemy in occupation of territory is compelled to mix in varying degrees with the inhabitants. It is this alone that will awaken in the people the spirit of revolt, of audacity and of endurance, and make them foresee and assist towards the victory that will be theirs. Until the first stage has been reached, and this will not be long, i.e., moving in convoy, etc., members of partisan bands may well be able to remain living undetected in their own homes, and collecting by summons for particular operations. Hola, Identifícate. Shooting Transformers Disables Substations. Even in the final stages of such a campaign, however, there is no field for the employment of partisan bands; there representatives either of a foreign power or a disaffected minority would only serve to exacerbate the patriotism of the general population. The duties of such a mission would be to provide expert advice, to ensure liaison, to arrange the supply of arms, ammunition, money, etc., and to provide leaders and assistants to leaders if such were found to be necessary. Take a walk in the woods! He must therefore be decisive and resourceful, bold in action and cool in council, of great mental and physical endurance, and of strong personality. Organization of Bands General Principles. The factor of âsafetyâ concerns possible enemy counter-action; the closer and higher the organization, the more easily can it be broken up and become ineffective. Where the fronts covered by the main opposing armies are wide and broken, there will be opportunity for the partisan bands to penetrate the hostile lines for operations in the enemyâs rear, but when the fronts are continuous, as may frequently happen, there will be no such opportunity; without previous provision, therefore, guerilla warfare on the enemyâs lines of communication, his most vulnerable and tender spot, could only be sporadic and half-hearted. (b) The action of larger groups working as a band under a nominated leader, and employing military tactics, weapons, etc., to assist in the achievement of their object, which is usually of a destructive nature. Direct action of the types envisaged will bring the desired result about. For this type of guerilla war a loose organization is essential, and co-ordination and direction of effort must emanate in considerable detail form the central controlling authority known as âThe Chiefâ. Among the most suitably placed to act as agents are barbers, waitresses, domestic servants, priests, doctors, telephone and telegraph operators, postmen and camp followers generally. Guerrillas must obtain and make every effort to retain the initiative. In certain cases, it may be politic to ignore the assistance given to the enemy by a particular neutral country in view of the even greater aid that is being received. #9. To have the initiative confers the invaluable advantage of selecting the place of operations that most favour success as regards locality, ground, time, relative strengths, etc. 78. (b) The action of larger groups working as a band under a nominated leader, and employing military tactics, weapons etc., to assist in the achievement of their object, which is usually of a destructive nature. (a) Aircraft: Partisan leaders must impress on all their fighters that the surest way of attaining success in their operations is by remaining undetected. to a minimum, which may be incompatible with effective action. The principles of this type of warfare are therefore: (a) Surprise first and foremost, by finding out the enemy’s plans and concealing your own intentions and movements. These qualities alone will enable him to control his followers and win their unquestioning obedience without the close constraints of military organization and discipline which are the antithesis of guerilla action and a drag on its efficiency. Just as in time of peace the study of the employment of its regular forces in the event of possible wars is one of the main problems of a countryâs General Staff, so must the employment of guerilla forces and tactics in aid of the regular army be the object of equally close examination. The advantage of superior information is the guerillasâ greatest asset; it must be used to the fullest extent possible. The factor of efficiency concerns the inherent advantages that guerillas enjoy though their superior mobility and their lack of communications. It is in mobility, in information, and in morale that the guerillas can secure the advantage, and those factors are the means by which the enemyâs superior armament and numbers can best be combatted. 5. 35. In general, the action to be undertaken in areas where the people are hostile to the occupying power is to stimulate the morale of the inhabitants, to create a policy of complete non-co-operation, both active among those best fitted for it and passive by the whole of the reminder. Where the possibility of aggression by a hostile power and the occupation by it of foreign territory can be foreseen, such provision should invariably be made before the commencement of hostilities. We are in the midst of global ecological collapse. Shale & Tar Sands: Like Burning Rainforest. For these devices knowledge of electrical equipment is of great value; leaders must therefore endeavour to include in their bands a few people with this experience; if they do not exist, suitable people must be trained. Guerrilla warfare - Guerrilla warfare - Strategy and tactics: The broad strategy underlying successful guerrilla warfare is that of protracted harassment accomplished by extremely subtle, flexible tactics designed to wear down the enemy. At the same time, however, opportunities for this will not always occur, and frequently messages must be written and conveyed by several hands before reaching their destination. (a) Aircraft: Partisan leaders must impress on all their men that the surest way of attaining success in their operations is by remaining undetected, and that detection will always be followed by enemy action against them. To this should be added by study and instruction a realization of the influences of a mechanized age on the operations of large armies, both as a factor limiting and handicapping initiative and as a factor opening up new possibilities of mobility, of air action, of fire power, etc. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for The Art of Guerrilla Warfare at Amazon.com. It is obvious that, if adequate supplies can be obtained before hostilities commence and can be suitably distributed, the problem is immensely simplified; further, guerilla operations can then be commenced without delay. It's time for an intervention: we must physically shut off the flows ourselves. 21. But he will be working usually amidst a hostile populace; without their co-operation his task will be more difficult and will require a larger number of his own men to carry it out. The passing of information verbally and direct is clearly the safest and in many ways the most reliable means. 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