Coordination refers to the organisation of all the activities in an orderly manner, to achieve unanimity of individual efforts in the pursuit of group goals. The concept of coordination always applies to group efforts . It is a joint effort of the members working in the organization for accomplishing a defined target. It aims at giving a specific direction to the group, to make sure that the results obtained are according to the plans. ... 2 Coordination integrates (bring together) these activities for achieving the common goals or objectives of the organisation.Facilitates motivation. Coordination gives complete freedom to the employees. Coordination refers to the orderly arrangement of individual and group efforts to ensure unity of action in the realization of common objectives. Co-ordination is the unification, integration, synchronization of the efforts of group members so as to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. • PROCESS • Performed by top • Perform by persons at any management. In other words, coordinating function is the orderly arrangement of individual and group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of a common goal. Coordination recon­ciles the employee’s goals with both departmental and organizational goals. The need of oderliness , integrated arises only when more individuals are working as different individuals come from different backgrounds . On the flip side, cooperation is a discretionary action of individuals to work together or help one another, for a mutual benefit. Significance # 4. there is no need for coordination when single individual is working . It encourages the employees to show initiative. Integrates efforts of employees: Coordination integrates the efforts of the employees, to translate it into a determined activity. In an organization, all the departments must operate in an integrated manner so that the organizational goals are duly achieved. Explain how coordination 'integrates group efforts',ensure 'unity of action' and 'Deliberate function' in the light of elements of coordination i e , integration , balance , timing - Business Studies - Nature and Significance of Management Although Henri Fayol, James Mooney, Ordway Tead, Lyndall F. Urwick, Luther Gullick and Louis A. Allen, all consider co-ordination as a separate function of management, it seems more accurate to treat co-ordination as the essence of managing because the achievement of harmony of individual efforts towards the accomplishment of group goals is the very purpose […] Team coordination is a process that involves the use of strategies and patterns of behavior aimed to integrate actions, knowledge and goals of interdependent members, in order to achieve common goals. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. Core of Group Efforts: Coordination is indispensable in group efforts for accomplishing common goals. (a) Co-ordination integrates group efforts: Coordination unifies unrelated or diverse interests into purposeful work activity. group efforts. It gives a common focus to the group efforts to ensure that performance is same as it was planned and scheduled. 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