A cohort study of shelter dogs conducted by the College of Veterinary Medicine at Texas A&M University concluded that infectious diseases were more common in … If neutered, the risk is highly reduced. See this section under “spaying your dog” above for more. Most of the perceived disadvantages are false. One, you want to breed the dog. Based on research, there are cases of hypothyroidism that is reported, mostly on dogs that were spayed before their first heat. Males are castrated whereby the testicles are surgically removed. Let's take a look at the consensus of the pros and cons of spaying and neutering dogs. However, there are also definite and proven advantages to fixing your dog, making a good decision in this matter very complicated and difficult to make. The dog will not spray your furniture/places in your house. For canines who were neutered at the wrong age in their life, or if the process was done poorly, studies show that there's a high risk of hip dysplasia, problems with ligaments and even potential to develop bone cancer known as osteosarcoma, according to above mentioned studies. Spaying your dog too early can result in health problems later on since her hormones should have some time to work. If your dog is over 18 months, you'll want Respect Training For Adult Dogs: 30 seconds to a calm, polite, well-behaved dog. Early spaying causes the leg bones to grow unevenly. Dog owners will usually have their puppies spayed or neutered around the age of 6 months or earlier. A sterilized dog will no longer do this, at least not so often or with such intensity, because his sex drive will go down considerably. If your bitch is suffering from pyometra and needs to be spayed as part of treatment, this will be more expensive than spaying a healthy dog. If you decide to find homes for your new puppies, that may prove to be much harder than you think. Having a dog in heat when. Also, you would have no idea how the new puppies are being treated or if they are safe. When these organs are removed, you will have less things to worry about in terms of your dog's health. Normally, owners must keep the puppies with their mother until they are about 6 weeks old, and then try to find a home for them. Your female pup will live longer Spaying can help to prevent your female dog from having many serious health problems, such as uterine infections and breast cancer. Obesity is probably the most commonly quoted disadvantage of spaying. Let’s start with the positive points. This is due to reduced tone in the valve exiting the bladder. RELATED: How Neutering Dogs May Lead to Cognitive Impairments. Here are a few: Risk of hypothyroidism. However, there are advantages to this procedure, some of which are based on scientific research while others still do not have conclusive enough evidence. In this case, a female dog's ovaries and uterus are removed – it's called Ovariohysterectomy. When caring for a pregnant dog, you should expect an increase in your vet bills and dog food and care supplies. Your dog is much less likely to run away or to accidentally sire puppies on a female dog in heat. The Humane Society of the United States cites that 6 to 8 million pets are brought to animal shelters every year: The numbers of domesticated pets in the US are growing, and so do the numbers of animals brought into shelters, which clear pose a huge issue on many different levels. Dogs will also stop being aggressive with other dogs, because testosterone, which is the cause of aggression in males, is no longer a problem. Here are some answers to the most common questions that pet parents have about the spay and neutering process. Statistically, it used to be that there are more pros than cons to making the decision of neutering or spaying your dog. As I mentioned above, most veterinarians and other experts, as well as state laws, see neutering or spaying your dog not only as a good thing, but as a necessity. Overall, it seems that it still is worth to de-sex your dog as pros of sterilization outweigh the cons. The role of female hormones in preventing obesity is poorly understood. Finally, spaying your female dog protects her from getting uterine infections. The Best Tips to Help You Care for Your Pet Chinchilla, Mental Stimulation in Dogs: A Matter of Games. Hemangiosarcoma disease in particular affects dog's spleen and heart, which normally would've been protected by your female canine's reproductive organs. We hope these findings provide evidence-based guidelines for deciding the right age to neuter a puppy to reduce the risk of one or more joint disorders.”, – Prof. Benjamin Hart from UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine (source). Footnotes, study citations and further reading: READ NEXT: 15 Cheap Ways To Prevent Most Common Health Issues in Dogs. Spaying your female dog drastically cuts her chances of developing breast cancer – a disease with just a 50% survival rate in dogs. We also remove the ovaries which means we remove the hormones (more about this later). (male dogs), 1 PRO of neutering your dog: Reduction of “Male” Behavior, 2 PRO of neutering your dog: Better Prostate Health, 3 PRO of neutering your dog: Control of Breeding, 1 CON of neutering your dog: Hypothyroidism and Weight Gain, 2 CON of neutering your dog: Dementia and Bone Problems, 3 CON of neutering your dog: Risks of Anesthesia, How Neutering Dogs May Lead to Cognitive Impairments, Podcast on Pros & Cons of Neutering/Spaying Dogs, 30 Myths That Many Dog Owners Still Believe, 15 Cheap Ways To Prevent Most Common Health Issues in Dogs, Cataracts in Dogs: 5 Ways to Prevent and Treat Them, Blue-Eyed Beauties: 11 Blue-Eyed Dog Breeds, Most Popular Egyptian Dog Breeds in the United States. These rodents have managed to win over many…, Given that the reproductive cycle of dogs is very similar to that of humans, there are many who wonder whether dogs go through menopause. Testicular cancer can also be eliminated by neutering. Spaying a female dog means removing … Spaying your female dog will prevent periods of her being in heat. Finally, abnormal vulvas can trap bacteria and cause dermatitis, vaginal infections, urinary tract infections, all of which should be considered. The causes are not yet known, but in some cases sterilized female dogs are desired by males in heat. The more heat periods she has, the greater will be the risk that she may be developing breast cancer. It can be a hard decision, because while there are advantages in terms of health and behavior, there are also some drawbacks. Breast cancer is particularly dangerous, resulting in death for about 50% of canine cases. A new pet, a…, Without a doubt, when it comes to the different species that inhabit the Amazon River, the piranha will be the…, These apes are a group of little-known primates, called hilobaths. If your dog is not neutered, he will be able to sense a female in heat from up to a mile away and can get agitated. Both spaying and neutering has their advantage and disadvantage. Most dog owners will need to start feeding their dogs substantially less often, put them on a weight loss diet, use low-calorie foods and healthy dog treats. So to your question of whether you should sterilize you dog, we would say yes if you consider this to be important. Decide what is best for your pet, because your duty is to ensure their wellbeing. Finally, neutering keeps your dog from breeding, as I have mentioned above. There has been a number of studies coming out over the last five years that show how neutering and spaying dogs may actually be extremely bad for their health. In North America, most animal shelters, veterinary clinics and humane societies highly recommend (read: force) pet owners to spay or neuter their dogs so as to prevent further problems to an already huge overpopulation of domestic animals. Let's start at the beginning to understand what spaying and neutering dogs really means, what this surgery looks like and what it entails for you and your pet. Once castrated, a male dog's endocrine system starts to function in a different way and hormonal levels are affected, which results in lower levels of thyroid, which then results is very rapid weight gain and potentially dog obesity. With all of the above in mind, you should definitely not rush into spaying or neutering your dog. I can only think of two disadvantages of spaying a dog. Also, when animals get older, they have a tendency to get prostate, ovary, uterus or testicle problems. Discover 5 Species that Inhabit the Amazon River. Neutering your male dog helps in reducing his desire to “mark” his territory. Based on all the evidence we currently have, most dogs are neutered or spayed much too early, and this increases risk of further health problems and complications. There is also a small risk of death during birth or right after. Very often, spayed female dogs start gaining weight at an increased rate after the procedure, most likely due to changes in metabolism and hormonal structure. One exception is the flank approach to OVH, which is preferred in some countries for cats an… Both neutering and spaying refer to the most common methods of sterilization of animals, most often used with dogs, but many other animals go through this as well. What is involved in desexing a dog? Even though they clean themselves with their tongue, they need extra hygiene,…, More and more people are deciding to get a pet chinchilla nowadays. There are two ways to desex a dog - the most common way is surgical desexing. It will also help in keeping a dog from chasing a female in heat. Again, same as with spaying your dog, neutering a male canine means that your pet will have to go through surgery which requires anesthesia. The content in this publication is presented for informative purposes only. Obesity is the result of overfeeding and lack of physical activity. It's similar to human dementia. Well, today we’re going to analyze…, Mental stimulation in dogs through games generates a range of positive emotions. Scientific reports state that when games are played…, The benefits of the sun for pets are many, and very necessary ones too. Furthermore, any complications during the pregnancy period of your dog may also result in even more veterinary care bills and addition health risks for the newborn puppies. A dog who has been spayed will be unable to get pregnant and won’t come into heat. Most of the perceived disadvantages are false. By regulating your dog’s diet and caloric intake, you can prevent obesity in neutered or intact males. Many pet advocates, veterinarians, experts, humane societies and even lawyers agree that it is irresponsible to allow your male dog to breed with strange female dog mostly because of the current overpopulation of not just dogs, but also cats and other pets. Sometimes, although not always, dogs are aggressive because of unsatisfied sex drive. Weight gain and dog obesity issue can be avoided by using an adequate amount of regular exercise, understanding dog food and proper nutrition and otherwise providing your female canine with a healthy and stress-free lifestyle. Most recent studies now show that there are a lot more disadvantages to sterilizing your dog than we previously thought. All rights reserved. Should the dog get loose, there will be no chance of unwanted puppies being born. Similarly, neutering your pet decreases the chance that he will wander off to try to find a female to impregnate. Also, a neutered dog will have a reduced level of aggression and dominate behavior. Having a dog in heat when living in an apartment maybe not be the most pleasant thing. Or some veterinary practices p… Neutered dogs run the risk of developing a canine version of dementia, which is actually called geriatric cognitive impairment and is statistically common among neutered dogs. Your female will also have less of a desire to wander and look for a mate, which would often result in additional dog behavior problems like escaping from home and getting lost. Since they are more mellow and not seeking a female in heat, they are more calm and stay closer to home. After we've taken a look at all the pros and cons of spaying or neutering your dog, it's clear that we still need more conclusive evidence on how to view this procedure and whether it's essential to fix your dog. Similarly to spaying your dog as a female, neutered male dogs can experience the case of hypothyroidism, and studies have shown that neutering will almost triple the risk of obesity, as was discussed above. It appears that hormones from the female reproductive system offer some protection against this disease. Even though terms neutering and spaying are used in veterinary medicine, most often the term “neuter” will refer to the removal of reproductive organs in the dog for both sexes. The actual removal of male dog's testicles is called Castration. After spaying or neutering an older dog, side effects are usually minimal. Spaying can prevent unwanted sexual advances on the part of your pup and can also help him to avoid fighting with other males. Veterinarians recommend special medication to deal with hypothyroidism in dogs. Two, it is a surgery and requires special care and recovery time. Since neutering your dog involves removing the main source of testosterone, it can help mellow out your male dog, according to research (9). International: Türkçe | Deutsch | 日本語 | Suomi | Italiano | Français | Português | Nederlands | Svenska | Norsk bokmål | Español | 한국어 | Polski | Dansk. As one more than 50% of dogs and almost 85% of cats are prone to this. In the most basic sense, it is far less expensive to have your dog spayed to prevent canine pregnancy than it would be to have her get pregnant and get a litter of puppies. If it’s performed sooner, these veterinarians reasoned, surgical gonadectomy (aka, spaying and neutering) might just be … When in heat, a female dog can have bloody discharge that will stain her coat and your furniture, her own dog bed or dog crate. Obesity is probably the most commonly quoted disadvantage of spaying. What Are the Benefits of the Sun For Pets? READ: 15 Tips on Dog Pregnancy and Whelping. By spaying your female canine you won't have to worry when leaving her alone in the yard or when taking her for walks. But another study has shown that castration may increase progression of tumors (11). The problem is real, however. Obesity is the result of overfeeding and lack of physical activity. Early spaying causes urinary incontinence in up to 20% of spayed females. Although there are many advantages to sterilizing your dog, there are also disadvantages to be taken into account. In addition, you won’t need to stop as much when he’s with you in the car. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. In the most basic sense, it is far less expensive to have your dog spayed. If left untreated, this disease may very well kill your pet. However, most of these complications will not be very serious with a very low death rate. Both spaying and castration are done under a general anaesthetic, and involve your dog staying with your local Vets4Pets as a day patient.. Neutering provides a range of great benefits for both you and your dog, and helps you keep your dog happy and healthy. However, given the overpopulation of dogs today with millions of them being stray, homeless, living in shelters or being euthanized, majority of pet advocates see this as an advantage of spaying a dog. In this article, I will take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of spaying and neutering dogs based on what veterinarians say as well as the most current research. Because of the lower level of testosterone and less aggression, neutered canines tend to be more affectionate and gentle than those that haven't been “fixed.” It also helps in protecting your male from non-neutered male dogs seeing him as a rival. This is big advantage, because urinary tract diseases are very common in dogs. It has been like this for decades. Veterinarians usually call this procedure either de-sexing dogs, or fixing dogs. This could lead to obesity and other problems that in the long run will have serious consequences on their health. For this we recommend that you contact a reliable specialist. First-time dog owners are likely to have many questions about spaying and neutering procedures, from the risks involved to how much they will cost. You may have noticed your dog’s need to lift his leg and spray. RELATED: 8 Laws All Dog Owners Should Be Aware Of. provide complete information about Advantage of spaying and neutering,dog neutering side effects,early spay and neuter of dogs,health advantages of spaying and neutering your pet ,dog spay recovery,feline early neutering,post spay problems in dog,age to spay a dog… Therefore, there's a chance that your male canine will react poorly to anesthesia itself and as previously indicated, 1 in 5 dogs may have further health complications after surgery under general anesthesia. Neutering is the de-sex procedure of male dogs where their testicles (or gonads) are removed. Prostate problems can occur in 80% of non-neutered males, based on one study (10). However, not everyone knows what the…, Cats are highly sensitive animals and changes in their routine have a great impact on them. In its technical term, spaying is the surgical procedure of sterilization. Dogs with dementia will usually start interacting differently with humans and completely forget all the obedience training they've gone through. Moving along, male dogs can sometimes experience the case of skin disease known as perianal fistula, or anal fistula. Neutered dogs are less likely to have the desire to roam as well. © 2021 My Animals | A blog on tips, care and everything related to the world of animals. Spaying your dog eliminates the risk of an infection of the womb (called pyometra), which studies show affects up to 25 per cent of un-neutered bitches and can be fatal. This type of cancer can affect a dog’s spleen and heart. A typical story is the older female dog who wets her bed when deeply asleep. , tumors in the breast or testicles, and other diseases related to the reproductive system – regardless of whether the dog is male or female – can be prevented by spaying or neutering your dog. (female dogs), 1 PRO of spaying your dog: Heat Period Reduction, 2 PRO of spaying your dog: No Doggy Pregnancy, 3 PRO of spaying your dog: Less Risk of Cancers, 1 CON of spaying your dog: Hypothyroidism and Weight Gain, 2 CON of spaying your dog: Cancers and Complications, 3 CON of spaying your dog: Sterilization and Use of Anesthesia, Neutering Your Dog: 3 Pros and 3 Cons Spaying is a similar procedure of sterilization for female dogs. Because the procedure itself has to be done using general anesthesia, there's a possibility that your pet will react poorly to this medication (7). Spaying your dog will eliminate the risk of your female dog developing cancer of her uterus, cancer of ovaries or reproductive tract. While hypothyroidism can be treated with medication after you consult with a vet and confirm that it's definitely the case, your dog's weight gain must be addressed separately. Spaying is a general term for the sterilization of a female animal, in this case, a dog. Advantage: Spaying gives a healthier life to a female pet as spaying helps to prevent breast cancer, uterine infections which are very harmful. Here are the benefits of. After neutering your dog, you'll reduce his sexual desires. This means that less food is required to maintain the same body weight. Therefore spaying or neutering your dog can be more convenient in this regard. Additionally, if the spaying surgery is done wrong or at the wrong age, even more health complications can come through for the dog. If he gets loose, he will try to track down the scent. Issues can include an enlarged prostate in dogs, prostate cysts and prostate infections. Aside from the above mentioned cancers, spaying reduces the risk of your female dog getting breast cancer if she is spayed before she reaches 2.5 years old. Many dog owners find themselves contemplating on this decision for a while, and rightfully researching the Internet for all kinds of answers to common sense questions: Rest assured, these are all valid concerns of a responsible pet owner, and I will try to address of all of them using evidence and expert opinions on the matter. Some studies have shown (8) that about 1 in 5 dogs will have complications after surgery under general anesthesia. 1. One of the disadvantages of spaying is the increased risk of having cancer known as hemangiosarcoma. Here are a few: A few cases have shown that when a dog is sterilized he is likely to suffer from hypothyroidism. Ventral midline ovariohysterectomy (OVH) is considered an effective technique for sterilization and neutering of both dogs and cats with very low complication rates when performed by surgeons that are experienced with this procedure.4-6 There are many minor variations with no research evidence comparing the relative merits of most. This nasty condition develops carbuncles around your dog's anus and is often very complicated to treat. Obesity is probably the most commonly quoted disadvantage of spaying. I also recommend listening our editor Samatha's recent podcast episode on the pros and cons of neutering/spaying dogs and how people view this all-important surgery (below). keep the puppies with their mother until they are about 6 weeks old, and then try to find a home for them. The age at which a dog is sterilized should be considered. In no sense is this information intended to provide diagnoses or act as a substitute for the work of a qualified professional. When a dog is desexed it requires a full anaesthetic. Some states even require by law to spay or neuter dogs before they can be adopted. Are usually minimal or earlier an older dog, there are many advantages sterilizing... Of ovaries or reproductive tract less things to worry about in terms of health and,. 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You in the house to mark his territory will be no chance of unwanted puppies being born good idea pleasant... Will become fat, lazy, and very necessary ones too being sterilized, these aggressive behaviors usually away! It can be more convenient in this regard months, the most quoted of these are that dog! Sterilize you dog, you 'll reduce his obsession with this behavior that neutering... Ovaro-Hysterectomy ) very common in dogs: a few: a Matter of games so to your question whether!