In 2009, DuPont began replacing the chemical PFOA – better known as C8 – with a new concoction known as “GenX” after the company was given the go-ahead by the Environmental Protection Agency. Weathered signage on the Point Park floodwall greets passersby in downtown Parkersburg, West Virginia, on Nov. 20, 2019. What's next for the community, and where does this end? He'd come for a summer internship in the prosecuting attorney's office. Cox was a big Ozzy Osbourne fan, and after a grueling regimen of chemo, Hawkins helped arrange backstage passes to a concert, where Osbourne pulled Cox near and shared his own family's experience with cancer. "What would it look like if we packed up?". But it still makes Teflon. "He just went to work every day; he provided for [his family]. The "PFOA" acronym is used to indicate not only perfluorooctanoic acid itself, but also its principal salts. DuPont Teflon Chemical Was Detected In Bottled Water Called Crystal Spring. DuPont and Chemours Co have agreed to pay $671 million in cash to settle thousands of lawsuits involving a leak of a toxic chemical used to make Teflon, the companies said on Monday. Industries come into their communities, do well for a while, "screw up the environment and then leave. He's also aware of the inherent dangers in living within the shadow of the chemical industry. Her dad suffers from discoid lupus, causing sores the size of 50-cent pieces on his forehead. Her father-in-law worked in the Teflon division. "I really do. A DuPont spokesperson provided an overview of its financial and volunteer support initiatives and wrote that the company supports programs and organizations focused on revitalizing neighborhoods and enhancing quality of life; STEM-related initiatives in local schools; and "initiatives that help protect the environment through clean-up or restoration efforts and allow for DuPont Washington Works to show we are a leader in minimizing our environmental footprint within the community.". Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) (conjugate base perfluorooctanoate)—also known colloquially as C8—is a perfluorinated carboxylic acid produced and used worldwide as an industrial surfactant in chemical processes and as a material feedstock, and is a health concern and subject to regulatory action and voluntary industrial phase-outs. Do you want your water [to be] flammable? Tracy Danzey grew up in Parkersburg, West Virginia, but now lives on the opposite side of the state in its Eastern Panhandle. Fitzsimmons Law Firm recently filed four individual lawsuits against Dupont on behalf of the Firm’s clients who allegedly developed cancer as a result of consuming and drinking water that was contaminated with the chemical C-8 (also known as perfluorooctoanoic acid (PFOA) or ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO)), discharged from DuPont’s Washington Works Plant near Parkersburg, … They allow her "to sit in this truth regardless of how it affects them." I don't want to be anywhere else." "You grew up with the fear of DuPont leaving town," said Ben Hawkins. Or does it? In 2005, it reached a $16.5 million settlement with the EPA for violations of the Toxic Substances Control Act. Ammonium perfluorooctanoate is also commonly referred to as PFOA, or simply C-8 in reference to its molecular structure that includes eight (8) carbon (c) atoms. The chemical was used in DuPont's production of Teflon and other household products at its Washington Works facility just outside Parkersburg, along the Ohio River. It's called a "forever chemical" because it never fully degrades. DuPont had been aware since at least the 1960s that C8 was toxic in animals and since the 1970s that there were high concentrations of it in the blood of its factory workers. Earlier this year, Chemours was cited by the EPA for the unregulated release of new chemical compounds from its West Virginia and North Carolina facilities. ", Fellow Parkersburg High grad Brian Flinn, an engineer, worked for DuPont for eight and a half years; he worked with the raw materials of Teflon. "Why would you leave the fight?" "It's like, they don't want that frying pan anymore," she said, "but they don't want anything negative, and they're very resentful of the people that stirred up the trouble. But company executives failed to inform the Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] or the public. Joe, a physical education teacher, is now quite well known in the community for having raised awareness of the dangers of C8 — called "the devil's piss" by some — in local water supplies. That means a lot. He attributes this to the release of "Dark Waters. C8 or C-8: PFOA is perfluorooctanoic acid and is sometimes called C8.It is a man-made chemical and does not occur naturally in the environment. Taylor Sisk, a Nashville-based healthcare reporter, authored this story for 100 Days in Appalachia. But I don't believe we can blame the everyday worker." "I love West Virginia," she said. Danzey was a competitive swimmer growing up. Six leading pathologists from across the country were unable to identify the specific type of cancer. DuPont's own documentation specified that C8 was not to be flushed into surface waters, but the company did so for decades. "Dark Waters" — a legal thriller starring Mark Ruffalo, with a script inspired by a 2016 New York Times article — tells the epic story of the DuPont corporation's failure to inform residents of the Mid-Ohio Valley of the considerable health risks of a perfluoroalkyl substance [PFAS] called perfluorooctanoic acid, or C8, for its chain of eight carbons. The new chemical, now used in the manufacture of non-stick cookware, is touted by DuPont’s corporate offspring Chemours as a “more sustainable […] We all want the best for that community … whatever form that can take.". Three years later, at 27, he was appointed as prosecuting attorney. (Credit: Seth Freeman Photography), SUBSCRIBE TO EHN'S MUST-READ DAILY NEWSLETTER: ABOVE THE FOLD, DuPont had been aware since at least the 1960s that C8 was toxic, nearly 70,000 of the 80,000 plaintiffs stopped into one of six clinics, Chemours was cited by the EPA for the unregulated release of new chemical compounds from its West Virginia and North Carolina facilities, Dirty air and lost pregnancies in South Asia, Op-ed: The reckless embrace of banned pesticides in the US, Op-ed: How the FDA ignores the law when approving new chemical additives to food, Unplugged: Abandoned oil and gas wells leave the ocean floor spewing methane. "When you have a community of that size, and you've got several thousand people employed there, and multiply that by the families and their relatives — it's very upsetting." Higgs' father has ulcerative colitis, and his brother received treatment for polycystic kidney disease in high school. 'Oh, Beth. She now lives on the other side of the state, in West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle. The Gulf of Mexico is littered with tens of thousands of abandoned oil and gas wells, and toothless regulation leaves climate warming gas emissions unchecked. The last movie he saw in a theater was the remake of "True Grit" nearly a decade ago. Dat C8 schadelijke gevolgen kon hebben voor de gezondheid bleek blijkbaar al uit eigen onderzoek dat producent Dupont uitvoerde in 1961. DuPont's own documentation specified that C8 was not to be flushed into surface waters, but the company did so for decades. 3M … DuPont C8 Lawsuit Information . It was the old 'hey-look-over-here!' "They know what happened." Now it’s made in China. Evidence introduced during the Bartlett trial shows that, beginning no later than 1979, DuPont knew C-8 was biopersistent. The chemical seeped into the water supplies of the communities of Lubeck and Little Hocking, immediately west of Parkersburg, and the city of Belpre, Ohio, just across the river; and three other water systems. ", Ray said she sometimes feels guilty, thinking that perhaps the livelihood her family has enjoyed as a result of her husband's employment might have caused health problems for others. He's seen both sides. A stream in Williamstown, Ohio tested positive on Jan. 12 for C8, a DuPont chemical used to make Teflon.DuPont has a plant in Washington, WV, about 18 miles north of Williamstown. On the September Saturday afternoon of the annual Parkersburg Paddlefest, kayaker Travis Hewitt, 31, stood ashore of the point where the Ohio meets the Little Kanawha and said that few people he knows truly believe the water's safe. ", Jones' friend Janet Ray's husband passed away 16 years ago from pancreatic cancer. And USW has distributed literature to DuPont workers outside the Fayetteville plant, discussing C8's danger. "Parkersburg adopted me in 1975," Deitzler said of his arrival in town. In the 1920s, DuPont continued its emphasis on materials science, hiring Wallace Carothers to work on polymers in 1928. PARKERSBURG, W. Va. – Tommy Joyce is no cinephile. Well-paying jobs, great benefits, Little League sponsorships, investments in the arts — but at a cost. PFOA is considered a surfactant, or fluorosurfactant, due to its chemical structure consisting of a perfluorinated, n-octyl "tail group" and a carboxylate"head group". They were each paid $400. The Kigers have spent the last two decades working to uncover the impacts and effects of C8 exposure in the region. When her kids were growing up, when someone was hired at DuPont, "there was a celebration" — the good pay, the benefits, "and they did treat their employees well.". Chemical Crime: How DuPont Exposed Thousands to Toxic C8. Two of the Higgs' most immediate neighbors died in their early 50s of renal cell cancer. (Credit: Lexi Browning/100 Days in Appalachia). "We're a community and we all need each other," Jones said. We Can Help You Determine If You Have a C8 Lawsuit Against DuPont If you or a loved one was exposed to C8 from DuPont’s manufacturing plant and suffer from an illness linked to the chemical exposure, you are strongly encouraged to consult with the trusted personal injury attorneys at Gersowitz, Libo & Korek, P.C. Cox, Hawkins and Higgs were among a pack of guys who ran together in high school and stayed close after. And I said, 'That'll be great. He now serves as mayor of the city of Parkersburg — population: 30,000. The chemical seeped into the water supplies of the communities of Lubeck and Little Hocking, immediately west of Parkersburg, and the city of Belpre, Ohio, just across the river; and three other water systems. He died Jan. 28, 2017, at the age of 41, a father of three. ", Tracy Danzey was raised in the quiet of Vienna, there with the Rays, the Joneses, the Higgs family. Radmanesh grew up less than a mile from the Washington Works plant. Joe and Darlene Kiger live just a few miles from where Radmanesh grew up. Danzey said her mom "mostly just feels pain for me," worries about her stepson and is anxious about the future. he said. In 2017, DuPont and Chemours, a company created by DuPont, agreed to pay $671 million to settle thousands of lawsuits. Over the past few years, DuPont, 3M, and other chemical firms have begun marketing C8-free Teflon, and recent studies show that the levels of C8 in most people's blood are dropping. Her mom's response was, "'Oh, Beth.' In 2015, DuPont spun off its chemical division into a new company called Chemours, which now occupies the Washington Works facility on the Ohio. He remembers DuPont's participation in his school's Partners in Education program and riding in parades on DuPont-sponsored floats. Five years later, the socket of her hip shattered while running with her husband. Perfluoroctaanzuur of decapentafluoroctaanzuur, vaak afgekort als C8 of PFOA (van het Engelse perfluorooctanoic acid) is een hulpstof in de bereiding van teflon.In zuivere toestand is het een kleurloze vaste stof.. Het belangrijkste gebruik van de stof is voor de productie van fluorhoudende polymeren zoals polytetrafluorethyleen (PTFE, beter bekend onder de merknaam teflon). Darlene said that when she and Joe are out around town, "there are a lot of whispers behind your back. (Credit: Lexi Browning/100 Days in Appalachia). By Cory Watson Attorneys | September 23rd, 2015. DuPont used PFOA, also known as C8, in the manufacture of Teflon at its Washington Works site in Wood County until 2015. But "my heart hurts," Tracewell said, to think that her daughter's illnesses might be a consequence of all that. Deitzler was the architect of the decision to use the $70 million to conduct the study. 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